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IPC/WHMA-A-620-S

Space and Military Applications Electronic Hardware Addendum to IPC/WHMA-A-620D

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Organization: IPC
Publication Date: 1 August 2020
Status: active
Page Count: 40
scope:

This Addendum provides modified and additional requirements over those published in IPC/WHMA-A-620D to ensure the performance of cable and wire harness assemblies that must survive the vibration and thermal excursions encountered getting to and operating in the military and space environments.

Where content criteria are not supplemented or replaced, the Class 3 requirements of IPC/WHMA-A-620D apply.

Purpose

When required by the contract or engineering documentation, this Addendum supplements or replaces specifically identified requirements of IPC/WHMA-A-620D.

Precedence

The contract takes precedence over this Addendum, referenced standards and User-approved drawings. In the event of a conflict between this Addendum and the reference documents cited herein, this Addendum takes precedence. (See IPC/WHMA-A-620D 1.7.)

Existing or Previously Approved Designs

This Addendum shall not constitute the sole cause for the redesign of previously approved designs. When drawings for existing or previously approved designs undergo revision, they should be reviewed and changes made that allow for compliance with the requirements of this Addendum.

Use of this Addendum

This Addendum shall not be used as a stand-alone document.

Where criteria are not supplemented by this Addendum, the Class 3 requirements of IPC/WHMA-A-620D shall apply. If an IPC/WHMA-A-620D requirement is changed or added by this Addendum, the clause is identified and only the process requirements and defects for that clause are listed in Table 1 of this Addendum, i.e., Acceptable conditions are not listed. If a feature is not listed as a defect, it shall be considered acceptable. Acceptable conditions (except where changed by this Addendum) and Figures are provided in IPC/WHMA-A-620D.

The clauses modified by this Addendum do not include subordinate clauses unless specifically stated, i.e., changes made to 1.4 do not affect 1.4.1 unless 1.4.1 is also addressed in this Addendum. Clauses, Tables, Figures, etc., in IPC/WHMAA- 620D that are not listed in this Addendum are to be used as-published.

When a paragraph refers to an entire chapter, for example the first paragraph in 15.1 of this Addendum, it is the user of the standard's responsibility to determine which clauses from that chapter are used from IPC/WHMA-A-620D and which clauses are covered by this Addendum.

Lead (Pb)-Free Tin

For this document, the definition of lead (Pb)-free tin is tin containing less than 3% Pb by weight as an alloying constituent. See Table 1 of this Addendum 4.1.1.1.

The use of components, assemblies, packaging technology, mechanical hardware, and materials identified as having external surfaces (platings, metallization, etc.) of Pb-free tin or assembled with Pb-free tin solder alloys shall be prohibited unless documented and controlled through a User-approved Pb-Free Control Plan (LFCP). Solder alloy Sn96.3Ag3.7 is exempt from this requirement for a LFCP.

Red Plague (Cuprous Oxide Corrosion)

Red Plague (cuprous oxide corrosion) can develop in silver-coated soft or annealed copper wire when a galvanic cell forms between the copper base metal and the silver coating in the presence of moisture (H2O) and oxygen (O2). Once initiated, the sacrificial corrosion of the copper base conductor can continue indefinitely in the presence of oxygen. The color of the corrosion by-product (cuprous oxide crystals) may vary depending on the different levels of oxygen available, but is commonly noted as a red/reddish-brown discoloration on the silver coating surface.

The use of silver-coated copper wire and cable shall require the implementation of a User-approved Red Plague Control Plan (RPCP). See IPC-WP-113 for technical guidance and a generic RPCP template.

White Plague (Fluorine Attack)

During the manufacturing of fluoropolymer-insulated electrical wires and cables made with tin-coated, silver-coated, or nickel-coated copper or copper alloy conductors, the extrusion of fluorocarbon resin to form the insulation jacket occurs at a temperature high enough that oxidative degradation of the polymer may occur, possibly resulting in the evolution or outgassing of a number of materials, including carbonyl fluoride (COF2), an extremely reactive compound. This outgassing from the insulation is both internal, e.g., to the wire strand/cable bundle, and external, e.g., to the surrounding environment. In the presence of trace atmospheric moisture, e.g., humidity, the carbonyl-difluoride hydrolyzes to generate carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen fluoride (HF). The hydrogen fluoride (HF) will then hydrate to form concentrated hydrofluoric acid (HF aq), an extremely corrosive agent that attacks metal and metal oxides, including, but not limited to, conductors, contacts, connector shells, etc.

The use of fluoropolymer-insulated copper wire and cable may require the implementation of a User-approved White Plague Control Plan (WPCP). See IPC-WP-114 for technical guidance and a generic WPCP template.

Document History

IPC/WHMA-A-620-S
August 1, 2020
Space and Military Applications Electronic Hardware Addendum to IPC/WHMA-A-620D
This Addendum provides modified and additional requirements over those published in IPC/WHMA-A-620D to ensure the performance of cable and wire harness assemblies that must survive the vibration and...
January 1, 2020
Requirements and Acceptance for Cable and Wire Harness Assemblies
This standard prescribes practices and requirements for the manufacture of cable, wire and harness assemblies. This standard does not provide criteria for cross-section or X-ray evaluation. If a...
March 1, 2018
Space Applications Electronic Hardware Addendum to IPC/WHMA-A-620C
This Addendum provides additional requirements over those published in IPC/WHMA-A-620C to ensure the performance of cable and wire harness assemblies that must survive the vibration and thermal...
January 1, 2017
Requirements and Acceptance for Cable and Wire Harness Assemblies
This standard prescribes practices and requirements for the manufacture of cable, wire and harness assemblies. This standard does not provide criteria for cross-section or X-ray evaluation. Purpose...
August 1, 2013
Requirements and Acceptance for Cable and Wire Harness Assemblies
A description is not available for this item.
June 1, 2013
Space Applications Electronic Hardware Addendum to IPC/WHMA-A-620B
This addendum provides additional requirements over those published in IPC/WHMA-A-620B to ensure the performance of cable and wire harness assemblies that must survive the vibration and thermal...
October 1, 2012
Requirements and Acceptance for Cable and Wire Harness Assemblies
This standard prescribes practices and requirements for the manufacture of Cable, Wire and Harness Assemblies. If a conflict occurs between the English and translated versions of this document, the...
June 1, 2012
Requirements and Acceptance for Cable and Wire Harness Assemblies
This addendum provides additional requirements over those published in IPC/WHMA-A-620A to ensure the performance of cable and wire harness assemblies that must survive the vibration and thermal...
June 1, 2012
Space Applications Electronic Hardware Addendum to IPC/WHMA-A-620A
This addendum provides additional requirements over those published in IPC/WHMA-A-620A to ensure the performance of cable and wire harness assemblies that must survive the vibration and thermal...
July 1, 2006
Requirements and Acceptance for Cable and Wire Harness Assemblies
This standard is a collection of visual, electrical and mechanical quality acceptability requirements for Cable, Wire and Harness Assemblies. It was prepared by the Industry Technical Guidelines...
January 1, 2002
Requirements and Acceptance for Cable and Wire Harness Assemblies
This standard is a collection of visual Quality Acceptability Requirements for Cable, Wire and Harness Assemblies. It was prepared by the ITGC Industry Technical Guidelines Commit-tee of the Wire...
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