Recommended Practice for the Classification of Flammable Liquids, Gases, or Vapors and of Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas
|Publication Date:||1 January 2021|
This recommended practice applies to those locations where flammable gases or vapors, flammable liquids, or combustible liquids are processed or handled; and where their release into the atmosphere could result in their ignition by electrical systems or equipment.
This recommended practice provides information on specific flammable gases and vapors, flammable liquids, and combustible liquids whose relevant combustion properties have been sufficiently identified to allow their classification into the groups established by NFPA 70 (NEC), for proper selection of electrical equipment in hazardous (classified) locations. The tables of selected combustible materials contained in this document are not intended to be all-inclusive.
This recommended practice applies to chemical process areas. As used in this document, a chemical process area could be a large, integrated chemical process plant or it could be a part of such a plant. It could be a part of a manufacturing facility where flammable gases or vapors, flammable liquids, or combustible liquids are produced or used in chemical reactions, or are handled or used in certain unit operations such as mixing, filtration, coating, spraying, and distillation.
This recommended practice does not apply to situations that could involve catastrophic failure of or catastrophic discharge from process vessels, pipelines, tanks, or systems.
This recommended practice does not address the unique hazards associated with explosives, pyrotechnics, blasting agents, pyrophoric materials, or oxygen-enriched atmospheres that might be present.
The purpose of this recommended practice is to provide the user with a basic understanding of the parameters that determine the degree and the extent of the hazardous (classified) location. This recommended practice also provides the user with examples of the applications of these parameters.
Information is provided on specific flammable gases and vapors, flammable liquids, and combustible liquids, whose relevant properties determine their classification into groups. This will assist in the selection of special electrical equipment for hazardous (classified) locations where such electrical equipment is required.
This recommended practice is intended as a guideline and should be applied with sound engineering judgment. Where all factors are properly evaluated, a consistent area classification scheme can be developed.