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ASTM International - ASTM E399-20a

Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 December 2020
Status: active
Page Count: 38
ICS Code (Mechanical testing of metals): 77.040.10
significance And Use:

5.1 The property KIc determined by this test method characterizes the resistance of a material to fracture in a neutral environment in the presence of a sharp crack under... View More

scope:

1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc and optionally KIsi) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a thickness of 1.6 mm (0.063 in.) or greater2 subjected to slowly, or in special (elective) cases rapidly, increasing crack-displacement force. Details of test apparatus, specimen configuration, and experimental procedure are given in the annexes. Two procedures are outlined for using the experimental data to calculate fracture toughness values:

1.1.1 The KIc test procedure is described in the main body of this test standard and is a mandatory part of the testing and results reporting procedure for this test method. The KIc test procedure is based on crack growth of up to 2 % percent of the specimen width. This can lead to a specimen size dependent rising fracture toughness resistance curve, with larger specimens producing higher fracture toughness results.

1.1.2 The KIsi test procedure is described in Appendix X1 and is an optional part of this test method. The KIsi test procedure is based on a fixed amount of crack extension of 0.5 mm, and as a result, KIsi is less sensitive to specimen size than KIc. This less size-sensitive fracture toughness, KIsi, is called size-insensitive throughout this test method. Appendix X1 contains an optional procedure for reinterpreting the force-displacement test record recorded as part of this test method to calculate the additional fracture toughness value, KIsi.

Note 1: Plane-strain fracture toughness tests of materials thinner than 1.6 mm (0.063 in.) that are sufficiently brittle (see 7.1) can be made using other types of specimens (1).3 There is no standard test method for such thin materials.

1.2 This test method is divided into two parts. The first part gives general recommendations and requirements for testing and includes specific requirements for the KIc test procedure. The second part consists of Annexes that give specific information on displacement gage and loading fixture design, special requirements for individual specimen configurations, and detailed procedures for fatigue precracking. Additional annexes are provided that give specific procedures for beryllium and rapid-force testing, and the KIsi test procedure, which provides an optional additional analysis procedure for the test data collected as part of the KIc test procedure.

1.3 General information and requirements common to all specimen configurations:

Section
Referenced Documents 2
Terminology 3
   Stress-Intensity Factor 3.1.1
   Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness 3.1.2
   Crack Plane Orientation 3.1.4
Summary of Test Method 4
Significance and Use 5
   Significance 5.1
   Precautions 5.1.1 - 5.1.5
   Practical Applications 5.2
Apparatus (see also 1.4) 6
   Tension Machine 6.1
   Fatigue Machine 6.2
   Loading Fixtures 6.3
   Displacement Gage, Measurement 6.4
Specimen Size, Configurations, and Preparation (see also 1.5) 7
   Specimen Size Estimates 7.1
   Standard and Alternative Specimen Configurations 7.2
   Fatigue Crack Starter Notches 7.3.1
   Fatigue Precracking (see also 1.6) 7.3.2
   Crack Extension Beyond Starter Notch 7.3.2.2
General Procedure 8
   Specimen Measurements
Thickness 8.2.1
Width 8.2.2
Crack Size 8.2.3
Crack Plane Angle 8.2.4
   Specimen Testing
Loading Rate 8.3
Test Record 8.4
Calculation and Interpretation of Results 9
   Test Record Analysis 9.1
   

Pmax/PQ Validity Requirement

9.1.3
   Specimen Size Validity Requirements 9.1.4
Reporting 10
Precision and Bias 11

1.4 Specific requirements related to test apparatus:

Double-Cantilever Displacement Gage Annex A1
Testing Fixtures Annex A2
Bend Specimen Loading Fixture Annex A2.1
Compact Specimen Loading Clevis Annex A2.2

1.5 Specific requirements related to individual specimen configurations:

Bend Specimen

SE(B)

Annex A3
Compact Specimen

C(T)

Annex A4
Disk-Shaped Compact Specimen

DC(T)

Annex A5
Arc-Shaped Tension Specimen

A(T)

Annex A6
Arc-Shaped Bend Specimen

A(B)

Annex A7

1.6 Specific requirements related to special test procedures:

Fatigue Precracking

KIc and KIsi Specimens

Annex A8
Hot-Pressed Beryllium Testing Annex A9
Rapid-Force Testing Annex A10
Determination of

KIsi

Appendix X1

1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM E399-20a
December 1, 2020
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc and optionally KIsi) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue...
January 1, 2020
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc and optionally KIsi) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue...
June 15, 2019
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
November 15, 2017
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
November 15, 2012
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness K Ic of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
November 15, 2012
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
November 15, 2012
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
November 15, 2012
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
July 1, 2009
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness K Ic of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
July 1, 2009
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness K Ic of Metallic Materials
The property KIc determined by this test method characterizes the resistance of a material to fracture in a neutral environment in the presence of a sharp crack under essentially linear-elastic...
July 1, 2009
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness Ic of Metallic Materials
The property KIc determined by this test method characterizes the resistance of a material to fracture in a neutral environment in the presence of a sharp crack under essentially linear-elastic...
November 15, 2008
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness K Ic of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
December 15, 2006
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness K Ic of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (K Ic ) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having...
December 15, 2006
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having a...
December 15, 2006
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness K Ic of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (K Ic ) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having...
April 1, 2005
Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIC of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of fracture toughness (K Ic ) of metallic materials under predominantly linear-elastic, plane-strain conditions using fatigue precracked specimens having...
January 1, 1997
Standard Test Method for Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the plane-strain fracture toughness (KIc) of metallic materials by tests using a variety of fatigue-cracked specimens having a thickness of 0.063 in....
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