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ASTM International - ASTM E1604-20

Standard Guide for Behavioral Testing in Aquatic Toxicology

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 December 2020
Status: active
Page Count: 9
ICS Code (Geology. Meteorology. Hydrology): 07.060
significance And Use:

5.1 Protection of a species requires the prevention of detrimental effects of chemicals on the survival, growth, reproduction, and health of that species. Behavioral toxicity provides information... View More

scope:

1.1 This guide covers some general information on the selection and application of behavioral methods useful for determining the sublethal effects of chemicals to fish, amphibians, and macroinvertebrates.

1.2 Behavioral toxicity occurs when chemical or other stressful conditions, such as changes in water quality or temperature, induce a behavioral change that exceeds the normal range of variability (1).2 Behavior includes all observable, recordable, or measurable activities of a living organism and reflects genetic, neurobiological, physiological, and environmental determinants (2).

1.3 Behavioral methods can be used in biomonitoring, the determination of no-observed-effect and lowest-observed-effect concentrations, and the prediction of hazardous chemical impacts on natural populations (3).

1.4 Behavioral methods can be applied to fish, amphibians, and macroinvertebrates in standard laboratory toxicity tests, tests of effluents, and sediment toxicity tests.

1.5 The various behavioral methods included in this guide are categorized with respect to seven interdependent, functional responses that fish, amphibians, and macroinvertebrates must perform in order to survive. These functional responses include respiration, locomotion, habitat selection, feeding, predator avoidance, competition, and reproduction (4). These responses can be documented visually or through video or acoustic imagery. Electronically recorded information can be derived through manual techniques or through the use of digital image analysis software (5, 6, 7).

1.5.1 The functional responses are not necessarily mutually exclusive categories. For instance, locomotion, of some form of movement, is important to all behavioral functions.

1.6 Additional behavioral methods for any category may be added when new tests are developed as well as when methods are adapted to different species or different life stages of an organism.

1.7 This guide is arranged as follows:

Section Number
Scope    1
Referenced Documents    2
Terminology    3
Summary of Guide    4
Significance and Use    5
Interferences    6
Test Facility    7
Water Supply    8
Safety Precautions    9
Test Material 10
Test Organisms 11
Responses Measured 12
Behavioral Test Method Selection Criteria 13
Experimental Design 14
Acceptability of Test 15
Calculation of Test Results 16
Report 17

1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. For an explanation of units and symbols, refer to IEEE/ASTM SI 10.

1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 9.

1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM E1604-20
December 1, 2020
Standard Guide for Behavioral Testing in Aquatic Toxicology
1.1 This guide covers some general information on the selection and application of behavioral methods useful for determining the sublethal effects of chemicals to fish, amphibians, and...
December 1, 2012
Standard Guide for Behavioral Testing in Aquatic Toxicology
1.1 This guide covers some general information on the selection and application of behavioral methods useful for determining the sublethal effects of chemicals to fish, amphibians, and...
October 1, 2007
Standard Guide for Behavioral Testing in Aquatic Toxicology
1.1 This guide covers some general information on the selection and application of behavioral methods useful for determining the sublethal effects of chemicals to fish, amphibians, and...
March 15, 1994
Standard Guide for Behavioral Testing in Aquatic Toxicology
1.1 This guide covers some general information on the selection and application of behavioral methods useful for determining the sublethal effects of chemicals to fish, amphibians, and...
January 1, 1994
Standard Guide for Behavioral Testing in Aquatic Toxicology
1.1 This guide covers some general information on the selection and application of behavioral methods useful for determining the sublethal effects of chemicals to fish, amphibians, and...
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