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ASTM International - ASTM E354-21

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 March 2021
Status: inactive
Page Count: 37
ICS Code (Steels with special magnetic properties): 77.140.40
significance And Use:

4.1 These test methods for the chemical analysis of metals and alloys are primarily intended as referee methods to test such materials for compliance with compositional specifications,... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of high-temperature, electrical, magnetic, and other similar iron, nickel, and cobalt alloys having chemical compositions within the following limits:

Element Composition Range, %
Aluminum 0.005 to 18.00
Beryllium 0.001 to    0.05
Boron 0.001 to    1.00
Calcium 0.002 to     0.05
Carbon 0.001 to    1.10
Chromium 0.10    to 33.00
Cobalt 0.10    to 75.00
Columbium (Niobium) 0.01    to    6.0
Copper 0.01    to 10.00
Iron 0.01    to 85.00
Magnesium 0.001 to    0.05
Manganese 0.01    to    3.0
Molybdenum 0.01    to 30.0
Nickel 0.10    to 84.0
Nitrogen 0.001 to    0.20
Phosphorus 0.002 to    0.08
Silicon 0.01    to    5.00
Sulfur 0.002 to    0.10
Tantalum 0.005 to 10.0
Titanium 0.01    to    5.00
Tungsten 0.01    to 18.00
Vanadium 0.01    to    3.25
Zirconium 0.01    to    2.50

1.2 The test methods in this standard are contained in the sections indicated below:

Sections
Aluminum, Total, by the 8-Quinolinol Gravimetric Method (0.20 %
to 7.00 %)
100 107
Carbon, Total, by the Combustion-Thermal Conductivity Method-

Discontinued 1986

124 - 134
Carbon, Total, by the Combustion Gravimetric Method (0.05 % to
   1.10 %)-

Discontinued 2014

79 89
Chromium by the Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Method
(0.006 % to 1.00 %)
165 174
Chromium by the Peroxydisulfate Oxidation-Titration Method
   (0.10 % to 33.00 %)
175 183
Chromium by the Peroxydisulfate-Oxidation Titrimetric Method-

Discontinued 1980

116 123
Cobalt by the Ion-Exchange-Potentiometric Titration Method (2 %
to 75 %)
   53 60
Cobalt by the Nitroso-R-Salt Spectrophotometric Method (0.10 %
to 5.0 %)
   61 70
Copper by Neocuproine Spectrophotometric Method (0.01 % to
10.00 %)
   90 99
Copper by the Sulfide Precipitation-Electrodeposition Gravimetric
   Method (0.01 % to 10.00 %)
   71 78
Iron by the Silver Reduction Titrimetric Method (1.0 % to 50.0 %) 192 -199
Manganese by the Metaperiodate Spectrophotometric Method
(0.05 % to 2.00 %)
   9 18
Molybdenum by the Ion Exchange-8-Hydroxyquinoline Gravi-
   metric Method (1.5 % to 30 %)
184 191
Molybdenum by the Thiocyanate Spectrophotometric Method
(0.01 % to 1.50 %)
153 164
Nickel by the Dimethylglyoxime Gravimetric Method (0.1 % to
   84.0 %)
135 142
Phosphorus by the Molybdenum Blue Spectrophotometric Method
(0.002 % to 0.08 %)
19 30
Silicon by the Gravimetric Method (0.05 % to 5.00 %) 46 52
Sulfur by the Gravimetric Method-

Discontinued
1988

Former 30 36
Sulfur by the Combustion-Iodate Titration Method (0.005 % to
   0.1 %)-

Discontinued 2014

37 45
Sulfur by the Chromatographic Gravimetric Method-

Discontinued
1980

108 115
Tin by the Solvent Extraction-Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Method (0.002 % to 0.10 %)
143 152

1.3 Methods for the determination of carbon and sulfur not included in this standard can be found in Test Methods E1019.

1.4 Some of the composition ranges given in 1.1 are too broad to be covered by a single method and therefore this standard contains multiple methods for some elements. The user must select the proper method by matching the information given in the Scope and Interference sections of each method with the composition of the alloy to be analyzed.

1.5 Units-The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Section 6 and in special "Warning" paragraphs throughout these test methods.

1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

March 1, 2021
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of high-temperature, electrical, magnetic, and other similar iron, nickel, and cobalt alloys having chemical compositions within the following...
ASTM E354-21
March 1, 2021
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of high-temperature, electrical, magnetic, and other similar iron, nickel, and cobalt alloys having chemical compositions within the following...
September 15, 2014
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of high-temperature, electrical, magnetic, and other similar iron, nickel, and cobalt alloys having chemical compositions within the following...
June 1, 2006
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of high-temperature, electrical, magnetic, and other similar iron, nickel, and cobalt alloys having chemical compositions within the following...
January 1, 2000
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of high-temperature, electrical, magnetic, and other similar iron, nickel, and cobalt alloys having chemical compositions within the following...
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