ASCE - GSP 323
IFCEE 2021: Installation, Testing, and Analysis of Deep Foundations
|Publication Date:||1 January 2021|
Piles socketed into rock are frequently utilized to carry large loads from long-span bridges and high-rise buildings into solid ground. The pile design is derived from internal shear and moment magnitudes following code recommendation and numerical predictions. Little experimental data exist to validate code prescriptions and design assumptions for piles embedded in rock. To help alleviate the lack of large-scale test data, the lateral response behavior of three 18-in. diameter, 16 ft long, reinforced concrete piles was evaluated. The pile specimens were embedded in a layer of loose sand and fixed in "rock-sockets," simulated through high strength concrete. The construction sequence simulated soil-pile interface stress conditions of drilled shafts. The pile reinforcement varied to satisfy the internal reaction forces per (1) code requirements, (2) analytical SSI predictions, and (3) structural demands only. The pile specimens were tested to complete structural failure and excavated thereafter. Internal instrumentation along with crack patterns suggested a combined shear-flexural failure, but do not support the theoretically predicted amplification and de-amplification of shear and moment forces at the boundary, respectively.