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SNZ SA/SNZ HB 203

Managing environment-related risk

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Organization: SNZ
Publication Date: 30 March 2012
Status: active
Page Count: 96
scope:

INTRODUCTION

THE ENVIRONMENT, RISK AND RISK MANAGEMENT

The approach for managing risk on which this Handbook relies is that adopted internationally in ISO 31000:2009 and its Australian/New Zealand adoption as AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009 (the Standard). This Handbook discusses how the Standard can be used to help an organization* manage environment-related risks, which include risks to the environment and from the environment.

Meaning of 'environment'

There are different meanings and sources of definition of 'environment', some of which are expressed in law or in standards and reflect the purpose of those documents (see Appendix C for some examples). When managing environment-related risk, the organization should select and record the definition of 'environment' that reflects its objectives (including any statutory or other obligations) and apply this when-

• designing, monitoring, reviewing or improving the risk management framework; and

• establishing the context in the risk management process.

The Handbook uses some specific terms from ISO 14050:2004, Environment management- vocabulary, and these are attributed in the text. These, and other terms, are defined in the Glossary (Appendix B). The definition of environment in ISO 14050 is [the] 'surroundings in which an organization operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelations'.

NOTE: 'Surroundings' in this context extend from within an organization to the global system.

This definition of environment is very broad, and includes, for example, human social issues, as well as well as matters relating to ecology and sustainability. The Standard applies to the management of all risks, therefore this Handbook is applicable to all risks arising from the organization's definition of environment.

Managing environment-related risk may require consideration of impacts on the environment as well as impacts on the organization arising from its interactions with the environment.

Impacts on the environment

Human activities can impact flora and fauna; human health and wellbeing; human, social and cultural welfare; earth, air and water resources; energy and climate.

Impacts to people, organizations and communities from environment-related matters

People, organizations, communities and the environment interact in many ways. The activities in which people and organizations engage may be a source of risk, including risks associated with not complying with existing (or future) legislation and criteria. Poor management of environmental outcomes may lead to loss of reputation, fines and costs of litigation. Gains may occur through enhanced reputation and recognition of social responsibility. Environmental factors such as climate change may affect organizations and communities and enhance or hinder them in conducting their activities.

Occupational health and safety issues and the management of disruption-related risks can be important components of environment-related risk and its context. However, as other guidance documents specifically address these issues, and to avoid duplication, they are not addressed in this Handbook.

This Handbook describes a formal set of processes that help when making decisions affecting or affected by the environment, and assist the decision maker to deal with the uncertainty that is inherent in environmental management.

* 'Organization' - any public, private or community enterprise, association, group or individual.

Document History

SNZ SA/SNZ HB 203
March 30, 2012
Managing environment-related risk
INTRODUCTION THE ENVIRONMENT, RISK AND RISK MANAGEMENT The approach for managing risk on which this Handbook relies is that adopted internationally in ISO 31000:2009 and its Australian/New Zealand...
January 1, 2006
Environmental risk management - Principles and process
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2004
ENVIRONMENTAL RISK MANAGEMENT Principles and process
A description is not available for this item.

References

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