Newborn Screening for Cystic Fibrosis; Approved Guideline
|Publication Date:||1 November 2011|
This guideline describes the use of newborn screening (NBS)
laboratory tests for detecting risk for cystic fibrosis (CF) from
newborn dried blood spots (DBS). It addresses both the primary
screening tests and the second or third tier tests performed on
DBS. The guideline presents the various approaches used for CF NBS
and discusses their strengths and limitations. It addresses the
detection of specific cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance
regulator (CFTR) mutations in second-tier screening with
the immunoreactive trypsinogen/deoxyrib
Emphasis is placed on the selection of CFTR panels that have the potential to optimize IRT/DNA sensitivity and potentially ensure equity in NBS, ie, equal detection of CF in "minority populations" to the extent possible at this time. The guideline focuses on NBS and excludes prenatal testing. Only mutations currently known to cause CF disease are included in these recommendations. Special attention is given to geographically and ethnically diverse populations. The document development committee recognizes that the effects of additional mutations not listed, or even combinations of those present, are not fully understood and should be interpreted with utmost caution.
The intended target audience includes NBS laboratory and program personnel, regulatory agencies, CF center personnel, neonatologists, primary care providers (PCPs), organizations responsible for networks of CF centers, and a variety of public health policy makers.