Mechanical vibration - Rotor balancing - Part 21: Description and evaluation of balancing machines
|Publication Date:||15 July 2012|
|ICS Code (Balancing and balancing machines):||21.120.40|
This part of ISO 21940 specifies requirements for evaluating the performance of machines for balancing rotating components by the following tests:
a) test for minimum achievable residual unbalance, Umar test;
b) test for unbalance reduction ratio, URR test;
c) test for couple unbalance interference on single-plane machines;
d) compensator test.
These tests are performed during acceptance of a balancing machine and also later, on a periodic basis, to ensure that the balancing machine is capable of handling the actual balancing tasks. For periodic tests, simplified procedures are specified. Tests for other machine capacities and performance parameters, however, are not contained in this part of ISO 21940.
For these tests, three types of specially prepared proving rotors are specified, covering a wide range of applications on horizontal and vertical balancing machines. An annex describes recommended modifications of proving rotors prepared in acccordance with ISO 2953:1985.
Moreover, this part of ISO 21940 also stresses the importance
attached to the form in which the balancing machine characteristics
are specified by the manufacturer. Adoption of the format specified
enables users to compare products from different
This part of ISO 21940 is applicable to balancing machines that support and rotate rotors with rigid behaviour at balancing speed and that indicate the amounts and angular locations of a required unbalance correction in one or more planes. Therefore, it is applicable to rotors with rigid behaviour as well as to rotors with shaftelastic behaviour balanced in accordance with low-speed balancing procedures. It covers both soft-bearing balancing machines and hard-bearing balancing machines. Technical requirements for such balancing machines are included; however, special features, such as those associated with automatic correction, are excluded.
This part of ISO 21940 does not specify balancing criteria; such criteria are specified in ISO 1940-1 and ISO 11342 (only low-speed balancing procedures apply).