SMPTE - EG 40
Engineering Guideline Conversion of Time Values Between SMPTE 12-1 Time Code, MPEG-2 PCR Time Base and Absolute Time
|Publication Date:||28 November 2012|
This guideline specifies a set of formulas for converting between "SMPTE 12M time code" (correctly SMPTE ST 12-1 time code), MPEG-2 systems layer program clock reference (PCR) time base, and local wall clock time. Included are formulas for converting SMPTE ST 12-1 time address values and MPEG-2 PCR time base values to local wall clock time, and formulas for converting SMPTE ST 12-1 time address values directly to/from MPEG-2 PCR time base values. Local wall clock time conversion formulas are useful for converting between different frame rates of SMPTE ST 12-1 time code; e.g., a 24-fps SMPTE time code running at 23.976 fps could be converted to true time and then to a 29.97 drop frame SMPTE time code value. Finally, a discussion of how ST 12-1 time code may be carried within the coded video structures of both MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 AVC is provided.