Standard Practice for Using the Fricke Dosimetry System
|Publication Date:||1 January 2013|
|ICS Code (Radiation measurements):||17.240|
This practice covers the procedures for preparation, testing and using the acidic aqueous ferrous ammonium sulfate solution dosimetry system to measure absorbed dose to water when exposed to ionizing radiation. The system consists of a dosimeter and appropriate analytical instrumentation. The system will be referred to as the Fricke dosimetry system. The Fricke dosimetry system may be used as either a reference standard dosimetry system or a routine dosimetry system.
This practice is one of a set of standards that provides recommendations for properly implementing dosimetry in radiation processing, and describes a means of achieving compliance with the requirements of Practice E2628 for the Fricke dosimetry system. It is intended to be read in conjunction with Practice E2628.
The practice describes the spectrophotometric analysis procedures for the Fricke dosimetry system.
This practice applies only to gamma radiation, X-radiation (bremsstrahlung), and high-energy electrons.
This practice applies provided the following are satisfied:
The absorbed dose range shall be from 20 to 400 Gy (1).2
The absorbed-dose rate does not exceed 106 Gy·s−1 (2).
For radioisotope gamma sources, the initial photon energy is greater than 0.6 MeV. For X-radiation (bremsstrahlung), the initial energy of the electrons used to produce the photons is equal to or greater than 2 MeV. For electron beams, the initial electron energy is greater than 8 MeV.
NOTE 1-The lower energy limits given are appropriate for a cylindrical dosimeter ampoule of 12 mm diameter. Corrections for displacement effects and dose gradient across the ampoule may be required for electron beams (3). The Fricke dosimetry system may be used at lower energies by employing thinner (in the beam direction) dosimeter containers (see ICRU Report 35).
The irradiation temperature of the dosimeter should be within the range of 10 to 60°C.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2 The boldface numbers that appear in parentheses refer to a list of references at the end of this practice.