IAEA - SSG-16
Establishing the Safety Infrastructure for a Nuclear Power Programme Specific Safety Guide
|Publication Date:||1 January 2012|
The objective of this Safety Guide is to provide guidance on the establishment of a framework for safety in accordance with the IAEA safety standards for States deciding on and preparing to embark on a nuclear power programme. In this regard, it proposes 200 safety related actions to be taken in the first three phases of the development of the nuclear power programme, to achieve the foundation for a high level of safety throughout the entire lifetime of the nuclear power plant, including safety in the associated management of radioactive waste and spent fuel, and safety in decommissioning.
This Safety Guide is intended to contribute to the building of leadership and management for safety and of a safety culture. It is intended for use as guidance for self-assessment by all organizations involved in the development of a safety infrastructure.
The government, through the legal system, establishes national policy for safety by means of different instruments, statutes and laws. The regulatory body, as designated by the government, is charged with the implementation of policies through a regulatory programme or a strategy set forth in its regulations or standards. The government, through the legal system, determines the specific functions of the regulatory body and the allocation of responsibilities. For example, the government establishes laws and adopts policies pertaining to safety, whereas the regulatory body develops plans and promulgates regulations in execution of such laws or policies. In addition, the government establishes laws and adopts policies specifying the responsibilities and functions of different governmental entities in respect of safety and emergency preparedness and response, whereas the regulatory body establishes a system to provide for effective coordination. The recommendations made in this Safety Guide are to be understood in the context of these respective functions, although some flexibility may be necessary in following them, depending on the particular national circumstances.