Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
|Publication Date:||1 May 2013|
|ICS Code (Stainless steels):||77.140.20|
These practices cover the following five tests:
Practice A-Oxalic Acid Etch Test for Classification of Etch Structures of Austenitic Stainless Steels (Sections 3 to 7, inclusive),
Practice B-Ferric Sulfate-Sulfuric Acid Test for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels (Sections 8 to 14, inclusive),
Practice C-Nitric Acid Test for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels (Sections 15 to 21, inclusive),
Practice E-Copper-Copper Sulfate-Sulfuric Acid Test for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels (Sections 22 to 31, inclusive), and
Practice F-Copper-Copper Sulfate-50 % Sulfuric Acid Test for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Molybdenum-Bearing Austenitic Stainless Steels (Sections 32 to 38, inclusive).
The oxalic acid etch test is a rapid method of identifying, by simple etching, those specimens of certain stainless steel grades that are essentially free of susceptibility to intergranular attack associated with chromium carbide precipitates. These specimens will have low corrosion rates in certain corrosion tests and therefore can be eliminated (screened) from testing as "acceptable." The etch test is applicable only to those grades listed in the individual hot acid tests and classifies the specimens either as "acceptable" or as "suspect."
The ferric sulfate-sulfuric acid test, the copper-copper sulfate-50 % sulfuric acid test, and the nitric acid test are based on weight loss determinations and, thus, provide a quantitative measure of the relative performance of specimens evaluated. In contrast, the copper-copper sulfate-16 % sulfuric acid test is based on visual examination of bend specimens and, therefore, classifies the specimens only as acceptable or nonacceptable.
NOTE 1-See Appendix X1 for information regarding test selection.
The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The inch-pound equivalents are in parentheses and may be approximate.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Specific precautionary statements are given in 5.6, 11.1.1, 11.1.9, and 35.1.)
*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard