Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes in Europe - Overview and analysis of main features and possibilities for harmonisation
|Publication Date:||1 September 2013|
|ICS Code (Energy and heat transfer engineering in general):||27.010|
This Technical Report, analyses and describes the concept of energy efficiency obligation schemes and white certificate schemes for energy efficiency improvement, based on the experiences in Europe. It is mainly focussed on the current systems in use in Italy, France, Denmark and Great Britain. These national systems have been in operation long enough to gain some valuable experiences about the systems. Information about these experiences is easily accessible. Some additional information about the regional system in Flanders, Belgium, Poland, Ireland, Spain and Portugal have been included in this Technical Report when considered relevant.
This Technical Report also analyses the need and/or possibility to harmonise a system in Europe (i.e. to write a standard). It also includes an analysis of some countries' hesitation to introduce white certificate systems.