ARMY - COE EM 385-1-80
SAFETY RADIATION PROTECTION
|Publication Date:||30 September 2013|
a. This manual fully describes policies and procedures for the safe use of radioactive material and radiation generating devices at all USACE sites. It should be used to evaluate the acceptability of health and safety practices by USACE personnel and contractors on USACE controlled sites.
b. The manual is intended to be consistent with all Federal (NRC, OSHA, EPA, DOE, and DOT), DA, USACE, State, and local statutes and regulations (that is, "applicable regulations"), and integrate the various regulations into one coherent publication for USACE operations. It will be revised whenever necessary to achieve consistency with statutes and regulations.
c. For all contracts and activities that require Federal, State, or local licensure or permitting, such licenses or permits shall be secured, and all license or permit conditions shall be adhered to. If the stated license or permit conditions vary from applicable sections of this manual, such license or permit conditions prevail. Contractors will be required to secure proper licensure or permitting (for activities that require it) within specified time frames and before the date that they are scheduled to begin the work. All USACE Commands and contractors using Army radioactive materials will meet requirements of Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licenses and Army Radiation Authorizations (ARAs) issued to USACE and the U.S. Army Materiel Command (which possesses NRC licenses for depleted uranium ammunition items at various installations) and of applicable Army technical publications.
d. Alternatives to procedures addressed in this manual may be acceptable provided the alternatives achieve the same, or higher, level of radiation protection. Alternative procedures must be approved by the Radiation Safety Officer, Laser Safety Officer or Radio Frequency Safety Officer, as appropriate, and for specific conditions, higher level authorities prior to implementation.
Purpose. This guidance manual prescribes the requirements of the Radiation Protection Program of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers contained in Engineer Regulation (ER) 385-1-80, Ionizing Radiation Protection, and Engineer Manual (EM) 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements Manual. It is to be used when activities utilize or handle radioactive material (which includes radioactive wastes) or a radiation generating device. Radiation generating devices include X- ray equipment, accelerators, lasers, radio-frequency and electro-magnetic field generators. Authoritative guidance and regulations are contained in 10 CFR (Energy) and the (NRC) NUREGS/Regulatory Guides, 29 CFR (Labor) in general and 29 CFR 1910 and 1926 (OSHA) regulations specifically, and 40 CFR (Protection of the Environment). This manual is intended to assist USACE Commands in integrating essential requirements contained in Federal, DOD, DA and USACE radiation protection regulations to ensure that the safety and health requirements of all agencies are met.
Applicability. This manual is applicable to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) personnel and visitors to a worksite under the jurisdiction of USACE where radioactive material or a radiation generating device may be present. It shall be used in conjunction with ER 385-1-80 and EM 385-1-1. Contractor requirements concerning ionizing and non-ionizing radiation protection issues are contained in EM 385-1-1.