Class B Data Communication Network Messages Part 2: Data Parameter Definitions
|Publication Date:||1 March 1999|
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the information contained in the header and data fields of non-diagnostic messages for automotive serial communications based on SAE J1850 Class B networks. This document describes and specifies the header fields, data fields, field sizes, scaling, representations, and data positions used within messages.
The general structure of a SAE J1850 message frame without in-frame response is shown in Figure 1. The structure of a SAE J1850 message with in-frame response is shown in Figure 2. Figures 1 and 2 also show the scope of frame fields defined by this document for non-diagnostic messages. Refer to SAE J1979 for specifications of emissions related diagnostic message header and data fields. Refer to SAE J2190 for the definition of other diagnostic data fields. The description of the network interface hardware, basic protocol definition, electrical specifications, and the CRC byte are given in SAE J1850.
SAE J1850 defines two and only two formats of message headers. They are the Single Byte header format and the Consolidated header format. The Consolidated header format has two forms, a single byte form and a three byte form. This document covers all of these formats and forms to identify the contents of messages which could be sent on a SAE J1850 network.
This document consists of four parts, each published separately.
SAE J2178-1, Part 1 of SAE J2178 (Titled: Detailed Header Formats and Physical Address Assignments) describes the two allowed forms of message header formats, Single Byte and Consolidated. It also contains the physical node address range assignments for the typical sub-systems of an automobile.
SAE J2178-2, Part 2 of SAE J2178 (this part, Titled: Data Parameter Definitions) defines the standard parametric data which may be exchanged on SAE J1850 (Class B) networks. The parameter scaling, ranges, and transfer functions are specified. Messages which refer to these parametric definitions shall always adhere to these parametric definitions. It is intended that at least one of the definitions for each parameter in this part match the SAE J1979 definition.
SAE J2178-3, Part 3 of SAE J2178 (Titled: Frame IDs for Single Byte Forms of Headers) defines the message assignments for the Single Byte header format and the one byte form of the Consolidated header format.
SAE J2178-4, Part 4 of SAE J2178 (Titled: Message Definition for Three Byte Headers) defines the message assignments for the three byte form of the Consolidated header format.
Standardized Parameter Definitions - The parameters used to describe data variables are one of the most important functions of this document. To achieve commonality of messages in Class B networks, the data parameters must become standardized. This applies to data parameter definitions for use during normal vehicle operations as well as during diagnostic operations. By using common parameter definitions for non-diagnostic and diagnostic functions on the network, the modules which form the network can maintain one image or description of a data parameter.
At this time however, it is felt that there is not enough experience and commonality of philosophy within the industry to define standard parameters. The purpose of this document is therefore to provide standard methods of defining parameters and examples of defined parameters for many potential applications within a vehicle. With this basis, it should be possible to avoid the definition of arbitrarily different parameters and move toward standard parameters in the future.
Where parameters have been defined in the Diagnostic Test Modes, documents (SAE J1979 and J2190), such as Parameter Identifies for diagnostic purposes, the definitions in Part 2 of this document match the diagnostic definition.
SAE J2178-2 defines the parameters to be used for non-diagnostic and diagnostic data format definitions. For new parameter definitions which are needed in the future, the new definitions, if they are expected to become widely used, must be integrated into this document for commonality across these types of applications. Of course, manufacturers are free to assign their own definitions to data parameters which are unique or proprietary to their products. They are, however, restricted to using the "Manufacturer Reserved" message header assignments in Parts 3 and 4 of this document when using these unique or proprietary data parameter definitions.