Standard Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale)
|Publication Date:||1 August 2004|
|ICS Code (Mineral materials and products):||91.100.15|
This specification covers hollow building brick and hollow facing brick made from clay, shale, fire clay, or mixtures thereof, and fired to incipient fusion. Four types of hollow brick in each of two grades and two classes are covered. In this specification the term hollow brick shall be understood to mean hollow clay masonry units whose net cross-sectional area (solid area) in any plane parallel to the surface, containing the cores, cells, or deep frogs, is less than 75 % of its gross cross-sectional area measured in the same plane (see 3.3). This specification does not cover brick intended for use as paving brick (see Specification C 902).
The property requirements of this standard apply at the time of purchase. The use of results from testing of brick extracted from masonry structures for determining conformance or nonconformance to the property requirements (Section 5) of this standard is beyond the scope of this standard.
Brick covered by this specification are manufactured from clay, shale, or similar naturally occurring substances and subjected to a heat treatment at elevated temperatures (firing). The heat treatment shall develop sufficient fired bond between the particulate constituents to provide the strength and durability requirements of this specification. (See "firing" and "firing bond" in Terminology C 43.)
Hollow brick differ from unglazed structural clay tile (Specifications C 34 and C 212) and solid brick (Specifications C 62 and C 216). Hollow brick require greater shell and web thicknesses and higher minimum compressive strength than structural clay tile, but permit greater void area and lesser distance from exposed edge to core hole than solid brick. Therefore, environmental and structural performance may be different in elements constructed of hollow brick from those constructed of structural clay tile or solid brick.
The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.
The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
Footnote * - A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard.