ASTM International - ASTM D2460-97
Standard Test Method for Alpha-Particle-Emitting Isotopes of Radium in Water
|Publication Date:||1 January 1997|
|ICS Code (Examination of water for chemical substances):||13.060.50|
|ICS Code (Examination of physical properties of water):||13.060.60|
1.1 This test method covers the separation of dissolved radium from water for the purpose of measuring its radioactivity. While all radium isotopes are included, the test method is limited to alpha-emitting radioisotopes by choice of radiation detector. The most important of these isotopes are radium-223, radium-224, and radium-226. The lower limit of concentration to which this test method is applicable is 1 pCi/L; it may be applied to higher concentration by reduction of sample size.
1.2 This test method may be used for absolute measurements by calibrating with a suitable alpha emitting radioisotope such as radium-226, or for relative methods by comparing measurements with each other. Mixtures of radium isotopes may be reported as equivalent radium-226. Information is also provided from which the relative contributions of radium isotopes may be calculated.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.> For a specific precautionary statement, see Section 9.