ASTM International - ASTM C1576-05
Standard Test Method for Determination of Slow Crack Growth Parameters of Advanced Ceramics by Constant Stress Flexural Testing (Stress Rupture) at Ambient Temperature
|Publication Date:||1 June 2005|
|ICS Code (Advanced ceramics):||81.060.30|
1.1 This test method covers the determination of slow crack growth (SCG) parameters of advanced ceramics by using constant stress flexural testing in which time to failure of flexure test specimens is determined in four-point flexure as a function of constant applied stress in a given environment at ambient temperature. In addition, test specimen fabrication methods, test stress levels, data collection and analysis, and reporting procedures are addressed. The decrease in time to failure with increasing applied stress in a specified environment is the basis of this test method that enables the evaluation of slow crack growth parameters of a material. The preferred analysis in the present method is based on a power law relationship between crack velocity and applied stress intensity; alternative analysis approaches are also discussed for situations where the power law relationship is not applicable.
Note 1-The method in this test method is frequently referred to as static fatigue or stress-rupture testing (1-3)² in which the term fatigue is used interchangeably with the term slow crack growth. To avoid possible confusion with the fatigue phenomenon of a material that occurs exclusively under cyclic loading, as defined in Terminology E 1823, this test method uses the term constant stress testing rather than static fatigue testing.
1.2 This test method applies primarily to monolithic advanced ceramics that are macroscopically homogeneous and isotropic. This test method may also be applied to certain whisker- or particle-reinforced ceramics as well as certain discontinuous fiber-reinforced composite ceramics that exhibit macroscopically homogeneous behavior. Generally, continuous fiber ceramic composites do not exhibit macroscopically isotropic, homogeneous, continuous behavior, and the application of this test method to these materials is not recommended.
1.3 This test method is intended for use with various test environments such as air, other gaseous environments and liquids.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard and in accordance with IEEE/ASTM SI 10 Standard.
1.5 This test method may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.