ASTM International - ASTM C1000-05
Standard Test Method for Radiochemical Determination of Uranium Isotopes in Soil by Alpha Spectrometry
|Publication Date:||1 June 2005|
|ICS Code (Radiation measurements):||17.240|
significance And Use:
This test method is used to analyze soil for alpha-emitting uranium isotopes. It can be used to establish baseline uranium levels and to monitor depositions from nuclear facilities.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of alpha-emitting uranium isotopes in soil. This test method describes one acceptable approach to the determination of uranium isotopes in soil.
1.2 The test method is designed to analyze 10 g of soil; however, the sample size may be varied to 50 g depending on the activity level. This test method may not be able to completely dissolve all forms of uranium in the soil matrix. Studies have indicated that the use of hydrofluoric acid to dissolve soil has resulted in lower values than results using total dissolution by fusion.
1.3 The lower limit of detection is dependent on count time, sample size, detector efficiency, background, and tracer yield. The chemical recovery averaged 78 % in a single laboratory evaluation, and 66 % in an interlaboratory collaborative study.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. A specific precautionary statement is given in Section 10.