ASTM International - ASTM D4555-01(2005)
Standard Test Method for Determining Deformability and Strength of Weak Rock by an In Situ Uniaxial Compressive Test
|Publication Date:||1 July 2005|
|ICS Code (Earthworks. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works):||93.020|
significance And Use:
Since there is no reliable method of predicting the overall strength and deformation data of a rock mass from the results of laboratory tests on small specimens, in situ tests on large specimens... View More
Since there is no reliable method of predicting the overall strength and deformation data of a rock mass from the results of laboratory tests on small specimens, in situ tests on large specimens are necessary. Such tests also have the advantage that the rock specimen is tested under similar environmental conditions as prevailing for the rock mass.
Since the strength of rock is dependent on the size of the test specimen, it is necessary to test several specimens (laboratory or field, or both) of progressively increasing size until an asymptotically constant strength value is found. This value is taken to represent the strength of the rock mass.3 ,4
Note 1-Notwithstanding the statements on precision and bias contained in this test method; the precision of this test method is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing. Users of this test method are cautioned that compliance with Practice D 3740 does not in itself assure reliable testing. Reliable testing depends on many factors. Practice D 3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.View Less
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the deformability and strength of large in situ specimens of weak rock by a uniaxial - compressive test. The test results take into account the effect of both intact material behavior and the behavior of discontinuities contained within the specimen block.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.