ASTM International - ASTM D4553-02(2006)
Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Creep Characteristics of Rock
|Publication Date:||1 May 2006|
|ICS Code (Earthworks. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works):||93.020|
significance And Use:
Results of this test method are used to predict time-dependent deformation characteristics of a rock mass resulting from loading. It is a test that may be required depending on rock type or... View More
Results of this test method are used to predict time-dependent deformation characteristics of a rock mass resulting from loading. It is a test that may be required depending on rock type or anticipated loads, or both.
This test method may be useful in structural design analysis where loading is applied over an extensive period.
This test method is normally performed at ambient temperature, but equipment can be modified or substituted for operations at other temperatures.
Results of this test method may be useful in verifying laboratory creep data and structural mathematical modeling analyses.
Creep characteristics are determined under a nonuniform state of stress.
If during a field investigation, time-dependent characteristics are detected, then an in situ creep test shall be performed.
Note 1-The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/ins
1.1 This test method covers the preparation, equipment, test procedure, and data documentation for determining in situ creep characteristics of a rock mass using a rigid plate subjected to controlled loading.
1.2 This test method is designed to be conducted in an underground opening; however, with suitable modifications, this test could be conducted at the surface.
1.3 The test is usually conducted parallel or perpendicular to the anticipated axis of thrust, as dictated by the design load or other orientations, based upon the application.
1.4 Flexible plate apparatus can be used if the anticipated creep displacement is within the tolerance of the travel of the flat jacks.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precaution statements, see Section 8.