UNLIMITED FREE ACCESS TO THE WORLD'S BEST IDEAS

SUBMIT
Already an Engineering360 user? Log in.

This is embarrasing...

An error occurred while processing the form. Please try again in a few minutes.

Customize Your Engineering360 Experience

Finish!
Privacy Policy

This is embarrasing...

An error occurred while processing the form. Please try again in a few minutes.

ASTM International - ASTM D4374-06

Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water-Automated Methods for Total Cyanide, Weak Acid Dissociable Cyanide, and Thiocyanate (Withdrawn 2013)

inactive
Buy Now
Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 July 2006
Status: inactive
Page Count: 15
ICS Code (Examination of water for chemical substances): 13.060.50
significance And Use:

Cyanides are known to be toxic to man, but more so to fish and other aquatic life. The complexity of the chemistry of cyanides has led to the coexistence of several cyanide species in the... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of different species of cyanides and thiocyanate in water and waste water, namely weak acid dissociable cyanide, total cyanide, and thiocyanate ().

1.1.1 Total Cyanide This test method determines all the weak acid dissociable cyanides and the strong metal-cyano-complexes, such as ferrocyanide [Fe(CN)6] 4, ferricyanide [Fe(CN)6]3, hexacyanocolbaltate [Co(CN) 6]3, and those of gold and platinum.

1.1.2 Weak Acid Dissociable CyanideThis test method basically determines free cyanides, as CN and HCN, and weak metal-cyano-complexes such as [Cd(CN) 4] 2 and [Mn(CN)6] 3. Iron complexes are not included.

1.1.3 Strong cyanide complexes, like those of iron, cobalt, etc., can be determined by difference, that is, cyanide complexes = total cyanides weak acid dissociable cyanides.

1.1.4 Thiocyanate This test method determines the thiocyanate as the difference between another measurement that includes total cyanide plus thiocyanate and the value of total cyanide, that is, thiocyanate = total cyanide plus thiocyanate total cyanide.

1.2 Cyanates and cyanogen halides are not detected. Cyanogen chloride hydrolyzes to cyanate at the pH of sample preservation (12).

1.3 Most of the organo-cyano-complexes are not measured, with the exception of the weak cyanohydrins.

1.4 These test methods apply to different types of water, waste water (raw sewage, sludge, and effluent), sludge, some industrial waste, and sediments. Sample matrixes should be evaluated by the user. The reported precision and bias (see Section ) may not apply to all samples.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Section 9.

Document History

ASTM D4374-06
July 1, 2006
Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water-Automated Methods for Total Cyanide, Weak Acid Dissociable Cyanide, and Thiocyanate (Withdrawn 2013)
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of different species of cyanides and thiocyanate in water and waste water, namely weak acid dissociable cyanide, total cyanide, and thiocyanate...
June 10, 2000
Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water--Automated Methods for Total Cyanide, Acid dissociable Cyanide, and Thiocyanate
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of different species of cyanides and thiocyanate in water and waste water, namely dissociable cyanide, total cyanide, and thiocyanate (1) 1.1.1 Total...
Advertisement