ASTM International - ASTM D2718-00(2006)
Standard Test Methods for Structural Panels in Planar Shear (Rolling Shear)
|Publication Date:||1 October 2006|
|ICS Code (Plywood):||79.060.10|
1.1 These test methods determine the shear properties of structural panels associated with shear distortion of the planes parallel to the edge planes of the panels. Both shear strength and modulus of rigidity may be determined. Primarily, the tests measure the planar shear (rolling shear) strength developed in the plane of the panel.
1.2 Structural panels in use include plywood, waferboard, oriented strand board, and composites of veneer and of wood-based layers.
1.3 Two test methods are included:
1.3.1 Test Method A Planar shear loaded by plates.
1.3.2 Test Method B Planar shear induced by five-point bending.
1.3.3 The choice of method will be dictated by the purpose of the test and equipment available.
1.3.4 Test Method A, Planar Shear Loaded by PlatesThis test method uses a rectangular panel section adhered between steel plates with protruding knife edges to create load at the panel faces. This test method has been used to develop shear properties of plywood and oriented strand board for the purpose of confirming design values. This test method does not produce pure shear, but the specimen length is prescribed so that the secondary stresses have a minimum effect. The method determines shear strength and modulus of rigidity.
1.3.5 Test Method B, Planar Shear Induced by Five-Point BendingPlanar shear stress is induced on the panel while loaded in bending using two continuous spans. This test method determines planar shear strength consistent with panel applications under transverse loading. This test method is able to determine shear strength at any moisture condition.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 The specimen having the form of a rectangular flat plate is bonded between steel plates beveled at opposite ends of the specimen to provide knife edges for loading the plate at the face bonded to the specimen. The knife edges project beyond the ends of the specimen. This test method is conducted by loading the knife edges in compression at a uniform rate while a suitable gage measures slip between the plates due to specimen deformation. Shear strength is computed from maximum load, and effective shear modulus for the specimen is determined from a plot of load versus slip.
1.5 Specimens are tested in a two-span continuous beam support configuration with line loads applied at midspan of each span as shown in . Induced shear stresses are consistent with those developed in conventional panel applications under transverse loading. Specimens may be tested in any moisture condition.Note 1Research that led to the development of the test method is available., Research on the test method's usefulness for determining elastic constants is also available.