ASTM International - ASTM D4684-07
Standard Test Method for Determination of Yield Stress and Apparent Viscosity of Engine Oils at Low Temperature
|Publication Date:||15 January 2007|
|ICS Code (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products):||75.100|
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the yield stress and viscosity of engine oils after cooling at controlled rates over a period exceeding 45 h to a final test temperature between -10 and -40°C. The viscosity measurements are made at a shear stress of 525 Pa over a shear rate of 0.4 to 15 s-1. The viscosity as measured at this shear stress was found to produce the best correlation between the temperature at which the viscosity reached a critical value and borderline pumping failure temperature in engines.
1.2 Procedure A of this test method has precision stated for a yield range from less than 35 Pa to 210 Pa and apparent viscosity range from 4300 to 270 000 mPas. The test procedure can determine higher yield stress and viscosity levels.
1.3 This test method is applicable for unused oils, sometimes referred to as fresh oils, designed for both light duty and heavy duty engine applications. It also has been shown to be suitable for used diesel and gasoline engine oils. The applicability to petroleum products other than engine oils has not been determined.
1.4 This test method uses the milliPascal second (mμPas) as the unit of viscosity. For information, the equivalent unit, centiPoise (cP), is shown in parentheses.
1.5 This test method contain two procedures: Procedure A incorporates several equipment and procedural modifications from Test Method D 4684-02 that have shown to improve the precision of the test, while Procedure B is unchanged from Test Method D 4684-02. Additionally, Procedure A applies to those instruments that utilize thermoelectric cooling technology and those that use indirect refrigeration technology of recent manufacture for instrument temperature control. Procedure B can use the same instruments used in Procedure A or those cooled by circulating methanol.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.