ASTM International - ASTM C809-94(2007)
Standard Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Aluminum Oxide and Aluminum Oxide-Boron Carbide Composite Pellets
|Publication Date:||1 July 2007|
|ICS Code (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology):||27.120.30|
significance And Use:
Aluminum oxide pellets are used in a reactor core as filler or spacers within fuel, burnable poison, or control rods. In order to be suitable for this purpose, the material must meet certain... View More
Aluminum oxide pellets are used in a reactor core as filler or spacers within fuel, burnable poison, or control rods. In order to be suitable for this purpose, the material must meet certain criteria for impurity content. These test methods are designed to show whether or not a given material meets the specifications for these items as described in Specification C 785.
3.1.1 Impurity content is determined to ensure that the maximum concentration limit of certain impurity elements is not exceeded.
Aluminum oxide-boron carbide composite pellets are used in a reactor core as a component in neutron absorber rods. In order to be suitable for this purpose, the material must meet certain criteria for boron content, isotopic composition, and impurity content as described in Specification C 784.
3.2.1 The material is assayed for boron to determine whether the boron content is as specified by the purchaser.
3.2.2 Determination of the isotopic content of the boron is made to establish whether the 10B concentration is in compliance with the purchaser'specificat
3.2.3 Impurity content is determined to ensure that the maximum concentration limit of certain impurity elements is not exceeded.View Less
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade aluminum oxide and aluminum oxide-boron carbide composite pellets to determine compliance with specifications.
1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order:
|Boron by Titrimetry||7 to 13|
|Separation of Boron for Mass Spectrometry||14 to 19|
|Isotopic Composition by Mass Spectrometry||20 to 23|
|Separation of Halides by Pyrohydrolysis||24 to 27|
|Fluoride by Ion-Selective Electrode||28 to 30|
|Chloride, Bromide, and Iodide by Amperometric Microtitrimetry||31 to 33|
|Trace Elements by Emission Spectroscopy||34 to 46|
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (For specific precautionary statements, see Section 5.)
7.1 This test method covers the determination of boron in aluminum oxide-boron carbide composites. As an alternative, the procedure for total boron by titrimetry detailed in Test Methods C791 may be used.
14.1 This test method covers the separation of boron from aluminum and other impurities. The isotopic composition of the separated boron is measured using another test method found herein.
20.1 This test method covers the determination of the isotopic composition of boron in nuclear-grade aluminum oxide/boron carbide composite pellets containing natural to highly enriched boron.
24.1 This test method covers the separation of up to 100 μg of halides per gram of sample. The separated halides are measured using other test methods found herein.
28.1 This test method can determine as low as 2-μg of F/g sample in condensate containing all the halogens.
31.1 This test method covers the determination of halogens, except fluorine, as separated by pyrohydrolysis. The detection limit is 1.5 μg Cl/g sample.
34.1 This spectrochemical test method provides for the determination of 14 impurity elements. The elements and concentration ranges are as follows:
|Elements||Concentration Range, ppm|
|Boron||10 to 10 000|
|Calcium||10 to 10 000|
|Chromium||10 to 10 000|
|Dysprosium||30 to 10 000|
|Europium||10 to 10 000|
|Gadolinium||30 to 10 000|
|Hafnium||30 to 10 000|
|Iron||10 to 10 000|
|Magnesium||10 to 10 000|
|Nickel||10 to 10 000|
|Samarium||10 to 10 000|
|Silicon||10 to 10 000|
|Sodium||10 to 10 000|
|Titanium||10 to 10 000|
34.2 The test method can also be extended to cover the determination of other elements of interest.
Oxide-Boron Carbide Composite Pellets