ASTM International - ASTM F2097-08
Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Flexible Packaging for Medical Products
|Publication Date:||1 May 2008|
|ICS Code (Medical sciences and health care facilities in general):||11.020|
|ICS Code (Packaging and distribution of goods in general):||55.020|
significance And Use:
This design and evaluation guide describes seven categories for evaluating flexible medical packages and packaging materials. These include safety, barrier properties, durability, package and seal... View More
This design and evaluation guide describes seven categories for evaluating flexible medical packages and packaging materials. These include safety, barrier properties, durability, package and seal integrity, visibility and appearance, processing, and printing ink properties.
The intent of this design and evaluation guide is to evaluate all seven categories and select those that are applicable. Once the product has been characterized and the sterilization methodology has been defined, there are numerous sets of requirements for any specific package. This design and evaluation guide provides an avenue for assessing these requirements and choosing test methods for both evaluating the package design and monitoring package compliance.
Product characterization shall include mass or weight, geometry (length and width, height, and shape) and product composition.
All seven categories must be considered for applicability.
The Summary of Test Methods for Medical Packaging Design and Evaluation (Fig. 1) provides a compact graphical presentation of the test methods referenced in this guide.
Test Description and Applicability (see Table 1):
Table 1 lists the test methods commonly used to evaluate flexible medical packaging. The test methods are used in two phases.
Package Design: Characterization of the Materials and Evaluation of the Resultant Package-This is referred to as "R&D Evaluation" in Table 1. Testing during this phase is characterized by the generation of quantitative data on the performance of the component materials and the package assembly. These test methods are lengthy, making them inappropriate for the manufacturing environment where rapid response is required for process control. Often, they are expensive and require specialized equipment not readily available at a medical packaging or device manufacturing facility.
Package Compliance: Routine Monitoring of Adherence to Specifications-This is referred to as "Compliance Testing" in Table 1. Testing during this phase must be rapid, inexpensive, and readily implemented in a manufacturing environment. The objective is not to develop design data, but to ensure that the design specifications are being met. These test methods do not necessarily make direct measurements of critical values, but detect variations in material, process, or product that are indicative of all critical characteristics.
It is important to note that no individual test method is entirely predictive of final package performance. Filled packages must be evaluated under conditions of use.
Once the design of the package and/or packaging materials has been determined, it may be appropriate to create a package and/or material specification. Guides F 99 or F 2559 may provide useful guidance.View Less
1.1 This guide provides directions for the design and evaluation of primary flexible packages for medical products. The package materials must be selected appropriately for manufacturing process, end use, and the product being packaged.
1.2 This guide provides a compendium of test methods. Specific individual test methods must be selected based on the pertinent characteristics of the specific product to be packaged and the purpose for testing, research and development, or compliance. Not all test methods will be applicable.
1.3 This guide does not address acceptability criteria, which need to be determined jointly by the package producer and the medical products manufacturer.
1.4 This guide does not assess the product to be packaged; the sterilization method to be used; or package performance through sterilization, distribution, and handling.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.