ASTM International - ASTM A998/A998M-08
Standard Practice for Structural Design of Reinforcements for Fittings in Factory–Made Corrugated Steel Pipe for Sewers and Other Applications
|Publication Date:||1 May 2008|
|ICS Code (Iron and steel forgings):||77.140.85|
1.1 This practice covers the structural design of reinforcement for fittings in factory-made, round corrugated steel pipe, conforming to Specifications A 760/A 760M or A 762/A 762M, for use as storm and sanitary sewers and other buried applications. This practice is for fittings on pipe installed in a trench or embankment and subjected to earth loads and live loads. It must be recognized that a buried corrugated pipe is a composite structure made up of the steel ring and the soil envelope, and both elements play a vital part. Both main and branch pipe shall be designed in accordance with Practice A 796/A 796M and installed in accordance with Practice A 798/A 798M.
1.2 This practice covers the structural design of reinforcement for fittings such as those for branch pipes. Refer to Section 5 for design limitations.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way. SI units are shown in brackets in the text for clarity, but they are the applicable values when the design is to be performed using SI units.