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ASTM International - ASTM D5463-08

Standard Guide for Use of Test Kits to Measure Inorganic Constituents in Water

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 October 2008
Status: inactive
Page Count: 5
ICS Code (Examination of water for chemical substances): 13.060.50
significance And Use:

Inorganic constituents in water and wastewater must be identified and measured to support effective water quality monitoring and control programs. Currently, one of the simplest, most practical... View More

scope:

1.1 This guide covers general considerations for the use of test kits for quantitative determination of analytes in water and wastewater. Test kits are available from various manufacturers for the determination of a wide variety of analytes in drinking water, surface or ground waters, domestic and industrial feedwaters and wastes, and water used in power generation and steam raising. See Table 1 for a listing of some of the types of kits that are available for various inorganic analytes in water.

1.2 Ranges, detection limits, sensitivity, accuracy, and susceptibility to interferences vary from kit to kit, depending on the methodology selected by the manufacturer. In some cases, kits are designed to replicate exactly an official test method of a standard-setting organization such as the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), American Public Health Association (APHA), ASTM, or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). In other cases, minor modifications of official test methods are made for various reasons, such as to improve performance, operator convenience, or ease of use. Adjustments may be made to sample size, reagent volumes and concentrations, timing, and details of the analytical finish. In yet other cases, major changes may be made to the official test method, such as the omission of analytical steps, change of the analytical finish, omission of reagents, or substitution of one reagent for another. Reagents in test kits are often combined to obtain a fewer number and make the test easier to use. Additives may also be used to minimize interferences and to make the reagent more stable with time. A kit test method may be based on a completely different technology, not approved by any official or standard-setting organization. Combinations of test kits-multi-parameter test kits-may be packaged to satisfy the requirements of a particular application conveniently. The test kits in such combination products may be used to make dozens of determinations of several parameters.

1.3 Test kit reagent refills are commonly available from manufacturers. Refills permit cost savings through reuse of the major test kit components.

1.4 Because of the wide differences among kits and methodologies for different analytes, universal instructions cannot be provided. Instead, the user should follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer of a particular kit.

1.5 A test kit or kit component should not be used after the manufacturer's expiration date; it is the user's responsibility to determine that the performance is satisfactory.

1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Section 10.

TABLE 1 Availability and Types of Test Kits

AnalyteKit Methodology

A

AcidityT
AlkalinityC, P, T
AluminumC, P
AmmoniaC, P
BoronC, P
BromineC, P, T
CadmiumC
CalciumP, T
Carbon dioxideT
ChlorideA, C, P, T
ChlorineC, P, T
Chlorine dioxideC, P, T
Chromium (III)C
Chromium (VI)C, P, T
CobaltC
CopperC, P, T
CyanideC, P, T
FluorideP
HardnessC, GNG, P, T
HydrazineC, P
Hydrogen peroxideC, P, T
IodineC, P, T
IronC, P
LeadC, P
ManganeseC, P
MagnesiumC, T
MolybdateC, P, T
NickelC, P
NitrateC, P
NitriteC, P, T
Oxygen (dissolved)C, P, T
OzoneC, P
PermanganateC, T
pHC, P
PhosphateC, P
SilicaC, P
SilverP
SulfateA, C, P, T
SulfideC, P, T
SulfiteC, P, T
ThiocyanateC
TinC
VanadiumC
ZincC, P, T

A Kit Methodology: A = appearance/turbidity, C = visual colorimetric, GNG = go no go, P = photometric, and T = titrimetric.

Document History

May 1, 2018
Standard Guide for Use of Test Kits to Measure Inorganic Constituents in Water
1.1 This guide covers general considerations for the use of test kits for quantitative determination of analytes in water and wastewater. Test kits are available from various manufacturers for the...
January 1, 2013
Standard Guide for Use of Test Kits to Measure Inorganic Constituents in Water
1.1 This guide covers general considerations for the use of test kits for quantitative determination of analytes in water and wastewater. Test kits are available from various manufacturers for the...
ASTM D5463-08
October 1, 2008
Standard Guide for Use of Test Kits to Measure Inorganic Constituents in Water
1.1 This guide covers general considerations for the use of test kits for quantitative determination of analytes in water and wastewater. Test kits are available from various manufacturers for the...
June 10, 2003
Standard Guide for Use of Test Kits to Measure Inorganic Constituents in Water
1.1 This guide covers general considerations for the use of test kits for quantitative determination of analytes in water and wastewater. Test kits are available from various manufacturers for the...
July 10, 1998
Standard Guide for Use of Test Kits to Measure Inorganic Constituents in Water
1.1 This guide covers general considerations for the use of test kits for quantitative determination of analytes in water and wastewater. Test kits are available from various manufacturers for the...
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