UNLIMITED FREE ACCESS TO THE WORLD'S BEST IDEAS

SUBMIT
Already an Engineering360 user? Log in.

This is embarrasing...

An error occurred while processing the form. Please try again in a few minutes.

Customize Your Engineering360 Experience

Finish!
Privacy Policy

This is embarrasing...

An error occurred while processing the form. Please try again in a few minutes.

ASTM International - ASTM E228-95

Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Vitreous Silica Dilatometer (Withdrawn 2005)

inactive
Buy Now
Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 January 1995
Status: inactive
Page Count: 7
ICS Code (Ferrous alloys in general): 49.025.05
ICS Code (Non-ferrous alloys in general): 49.025.15
scope:

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the linear thermal expansion of rigid solid materials over the temperature range of -180 to 900°C using vitreous silica push-rod or tube dilatometers.

Note 1-The temperature range for push-rod dilatometers can be extended to 1600°C by using high-purity alumina push-rod systems and up to over 2500°C using isotropic graphite systems. The precision and bias of these systems is believed to be of the same order as that for silica systems up to 900°C. However, their precision and bias have not yet been established over the relevant total range of temperature due to the lack of well-characterized reference materials and the need for interlaboratory comparisons.

1.2 For this purpose, a rigid solid is defined as a material that, at test temperature and under the stresses imposed by instrumentation, has a negligible creep or elastic strain rate, or both, regarding significantly affecting the precision of thermal-length change measurements. This includes metals, ceramics, refractories, glasses, rocks and minerals, graphites, plastics, cements, mortars, woods, and fiber, and other reinforced matrix composites.

1.3 Many materials and certain material applications require that detailed preconditioning and specific thermal test schedules be followed for the correct evaluation of thermal expansion. Since a general test method cannot cover all specific requirements, details of this nature should be contained in the relevant material specification.

1.4 The precision of this comparative test method is greater than that of other push-rod dilatometery (for example, Test Method D696) and thermomechanical analysis (for example, Test Method E831) techniques but is significantly lower than that of absolute methods such as interferometry (for example, Test Method E289). It is generally applicable to materials having linear expansion coefficients above 5 [mu]m/m[dot]K and can be used for lower expansion coefficient materials for which a sufficient length of specimen is available.

1.5 Computer- or electronic-based instrumentation, techniques, and data analysis systems equivalent to this test method can be used. Users of the test method are expressly advised that all such instruments or techniques may not be equivalent. It is the responsibility of the user to determine the necessary equivalency prior to use. In the case of dispute only, the manual procedures described herein are to be considered valid.

1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Document History

April 1, 2017
Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the linear thermal expansion of rigid solid materials using push-rod dilatometers. This method is applicable over any practical temperature range...
September 1, 2016
Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the linear thermal expansion of rigid solid materials using push-rod dilatometers. This method is applicable over any practical temperature range...
April 1, 2011
Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the linear thermal expansion of rigid solid materials using push-rod dilatometers. This method is applicable over any practical temperature range...
September 1, 2006
Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the linear thermal expansion of rigid solid materials using push-rod dilatometers. This method is applicable over any practical temperature range...
ASTM E228-95
January 1, 1995
Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Vitreous Silica Dilatometer (Withdrawn 2005)
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the linear thermal expansion of rigid solid materials over the temperature range of -180 to 900°C using vitreous silica push-rod or tube dilatometers....
Advertisement