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ASTM International - ASTM D4814-11

Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 June 2011
Status: inactive
Page Count: 31
ICS Code (Liquid fuels): 75.160.20
scope:

1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines.

1.2 This specification describes various characteristics of automotive fuels for use over a wide range of operating conditions. It provides for a variation of the volatility and water tolerance of automotive fuel in accordance with seasonal climatic changes at the locality where the fuel is used. For the period May 1 through Sept. 15, the maximum vapor pressure limits issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are specified for each geographical area except Alaska and Hawaii. Variation of the antiknock index with seasonal climatic changes and altitude is discussed in Appendix X1. This specification neither necessarily includes all types of fuels that are satisfactory for automotive vehicles, nor necessarily excludes fuels that can perform unsatisfactorily under certain operating conditions or in certain equipment. The significance of each of the properties of this specification is shown in Appendix X1.

1.3 The spark-ignition engine fuels covered in this specification are gasoline and its blends with oxygenates, such as alcohols and ethers. This specification does not apply to fuels that contain an oxygenate as the primary component, such as Fuel Methanol (M85). The concentrations and types of oxygenates are not specifically limited in this specification. However, depending on oxygenate type, as oxygenate content increases above some threshold level, the likelihood for vehicle problems also increases. The composition of both unleaded and leaded fuel is limited by economic, legal, and technical consideration, but their properties, including volatility, are defined by this specification. In addition, the composition of unleaded fuel is subject to the rules, regulations, and Clean Air Act waivers of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). With regard to fuel properties, including volatility, this specification can be more or less restrictive than the EPA rules, regulations, and waivers. Refer to Appendix X3 for discussions of EPA rules relating to fuel volatility, lead and phosphorous contents, deposit control additive certification, and use of oxygenates in blends with unleaded gasoline. Contact the EPA for the latest versions of the rules and additional requirements.

1.4 This specification does not address the emission characteristics of reformulated spark-ignition engine fuel. Reformulated spark-ignition engine fuel is required in some areas to lower emissions from automotive vehicles, and its characteristics are described in the research report on reformulated spark-ignition engine fuel. However, in addition to the legal requirements found in this research report, reformulated spark-ignition engine fuel should meet the performance requirements found in this specification.

abstract:

This specification describes the various characteristics and requirements of automotive fuels for use over a wide range of operating conditions in ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition... View More

Document History

April 1, 2021
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
January 1, 2021
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
December 1, 2020
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
April 1, 2020
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
February 1, 2020
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
December 1, 2019
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
January 1, 2019
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
December 1, 2018
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
October 1, 2018
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
July 15, 2018
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
April 1, 2018
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
January 1, 2018
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
May 1, 2017
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
November 15, 2016
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
November 15, 2016
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
July 15, 2016
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
July 1, 2016
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
April 1, 2016
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
February 1, 2016
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
January 1, 2016
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
July 15, 2015
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of liquid automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various...
July 1, 2015
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various characteristics...
October 1, 2014
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various characteristics...
June 15, 2014
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various characteristics...
May 1, 2014
Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
1.1 This specification covers the establishment of requirements of automotive fuels for ground vehicles equipped with spark-ignition engines. 1.2 This specification describes various characteristics...
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