ASTM International - ASTM C1451-11
Standard Practice for Determining Uniformity of Ingredients of Concrete From a Single Source
|Publication Date:||1 July 2011|
|ICS Code (Concrete and concrete products):||91.100.30|
significance And Use:
This practice provides a systematic procedure for sampling and determining the variability of user-selected properties of ingredients of concrete. Results derived from application of the practice... View More
This practice provides a systematic procedure for sampling and determining the variability of user-selected properties of ingredients of concrete. Results derived from application of the practice are generally intended for information only and are not requirements of any existing ASTM specification on concrete or concrete materials. A concrete materials specification may make reference to this practice as a means of obtaining variability information, but needs to define the properties to be measured and the lot size and sample unit to be used. The practice is applicable to both producers of concrete materials and to consumers of concrete materials, although details of application of the practice may vary, depending on the intended purpose of the user of the practice.
The procedure is applicable to any quantitative property of any concrete ingredient that can be measured by a standard test method. The procedure is based on grab samples, which will tend to show the maximum amount of variation in the selected material property. The procedure is useful if grab samples are obtained from sampling units that are being delivered to the user of a material and better represents the variability of the material used in concrete production compared with testing on the material for specification compliance. The procedure was developed for application to materials from a single source, but it can be applied to a materials delivery stream from more than one source, depending on the purposes of the user of the practice. Variations among test results are corrected for testing error, therefore giving an estimate of the variability of the selected material property. The variability of the selected material property provides the user with one indicator of the source variation of the concrete ingredient.
Although variability in properties of concrete materials can be a significant cause of variability in concrete properties, this practice does not purport to give information on this relationship. This practice does give information on variability of ingredients from which the user can, along with supplementary information or correlative testing of concrete properties, develop quantitative estimates of the effects.View Less
1.1 This practice covers a procedure for determining the variability of properties of concrete materials from a single source. It includes recommendations on sampling, testing, analysis of data, and reporting.
1.2 The system of units for this practice is not specified. Dimensional quantities in the practice are presented only as illustrations of calculation methods that are applicable independent of the system of units.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.