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ASTM International - ASTM F2373-11

Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 15 August 2011
Status: inactive
Page Count: 48
ICS Code (Toys): 97.200.50
scope:

1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures, climbing structures, to-fro swings, spring rocking equipment, and slides. It is intended to apply to play equipment that is used in places of public assembly, including early care and education facilities, parks, or playgrounds. Public use play areas for children in this age range include both indoor (classroom) settings and outdoor playgrounds. Where appropriate, distinctions will be made between indoor and outdoor settings where there is supervision (for example, a play area that is part of an early care and education facility), and settings with unlimited access (for example, public playgrounds and parks).

1.2 The range of users encompassed by this consumer safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 6 month old through the 95th percentile 23 month old.

1.3 The purpose of this specification is to reduce the potential for life threatening and debilitating injuries.

1.4 Accessory toys attached to play equipment must meet all relevant standards including this consumer safety performance specification.

1.5 Home playground equipment, amusement park equipment, sports equipment, fitness equipment, soft contained play equipment, tricycles, toys, juvenile care products such as, but not limited to, infant swings, play yards, expansion gates, and expandable enclosures, furniture (including child-sized house play furnishings and sand/water tables intended primarily for indoor use), bassinets and cradles, infant walkers, bouncer seats, jumpers, infant stationary activity centers, and infant carriers are not included in the scope of this specification.

1.6 This consumer safety performance specification includes the following sections:

TitleSection
Scope1
Referenced Documents2
ASTM Standards2.1
ANSI Standards2.2
Federal Standards2.3
CPSC Documents2.4
UL Standard2.5
European Standard2.6
Terminology3
Materials and Manufacture4
General Requirements4.1
Fasteners4.2
Toxic or Hazardous Substances4.3
Stuffing, Loose Fillers, and Padding Materials4.4
General Requirements5
Compliance Documentation5.1
Small Parts5.2
Asphyxiation Hazard5.3
Performance Requirements6
Head and Neck Entrapment6.1
Sharp Points and Sharp Edges6.2
Protrusions6.3
Entanglement Hazards6.4
Crush and Shear Points6.5
Ventilation6.6
Closures6.7
Suspended Hazards6.8
Requirements for Access and Egress7
Access and Egress Components That Shall
Not Be Used
7.1
Adjacent Platforms7.2
Step Ladders, Stairways, Flexible Access
Components, and Access Ramps
7.3
Climbing Equipment Used for Access and Egress7.4
Handrails and Other Means of Hand Support7.5
Requirements for Platforms, Landings, and Other
Designated Play Surfaces
8
Platforms and Similar Surfaces8.1
Adjacent Platforms8.2
Protective Barriers8.3
Equipment Specifications9
Equipment That Shall Not Be Used9.1
Climbing Equipment9.2
Slides9.3
Spring Rocking Equipment Intended for Use Without
Adult Assistance
9.4
To-Fro Swings9.5
Structural Integrity and Stability10
General Requirements10.1
Structural Integrity Tests for Rungs, Steps, and
Horizontal Supporting Members
10.2
Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for
Platforms and Ramps
10.3
Test for Dynamic Strength of Barriers and Handrails10.4
Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for Slides10.5
Structural Integrity Test for Spring Rocking Equipment10.6
Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for Swings10.7
Play Equipment Use Zones, Non-Encroachment Zones,
and Placement
11
General Use Zone Requirements11.1
Exemptions from Use Zone Requirements11.2
General Non-Encroachment Zone Requirements11.3
Use Zones for Play Structures Having No Moving
Components
11.4
Use Zones for Slides11.5
Use Zones for Spring Rocking Equipment11.6
Use Zones and Non-Encroachment Zones for To-Fro Swings11.7
Surfacing Materials for Use Zones11.8
Fences and Gates11.9
Placement of Play Equipment11.10
Labels and Signs12
Compliance Requirements for Labels and Signs12.1
Specifications for All Labels and Signs12.2
Label Requirements on Play Equipment and Structures12.3
Signs Required for Play Equipment/Structures in
Settings with Unlimited Access
12.4
Replacement12.5
Installation13
Designer's or Manufacturer's Responsibilities13.1
Owner's/Operator's Responsibilities13.2
Maintenance14
Equipment14.1
Play Area Surfacing14.2
Records14.3
Keywords15
Annex A1-FiguresAnnex A1
Appendix X1-RationaleAppendix X1

1.7 General Measures, Tolerances, and Conversions:

1.7.1 The general tolerances for this specification are as follows unless otherwise specified.

DimensionTolerance
X. in±0.5 in.
X.X in.±0.05 in.
X.XX in.±0.005 in.

These tolerances still apply to a dimension even when terms like greater than, less than, minimum, or maximum are used.

1.7.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.7.3 The conversion factor from imperial to metric units are:

1 in. = 25.4 mm
1 in.

2 = 6.45 cm2

1 in.

3 = 16.39 cm3

1 lb = 0.454 kg
1 lbf (pound force) = 4.45 Newtons

1.8 See Annex A1 for figures referenced throughout this specification.

1.9 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.

1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Document History

August 1, 2017
Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months
1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures,...
ASTM F2373-11
August 15, 2011
Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months
1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures,...
June 15, 2008
Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months
1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures,...
August 1, 2007
Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months
1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures,...
October 1, 2006
Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months
1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures,...
October 1, 2005
Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months
1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures,...
October 1, 2005
Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months
1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures,...
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