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ASTM International - ASTM D5433-12

Standard Performance Specification for Towel Products for Institutional and Household Use

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 June 2012
Status: inactive
Page Count: 4
ICS Code (Home textiles. Linen): 97.160
significance And Use:

Upon mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, woven or knitted products intended for this end use should meet all of the requirements listed in Table 1 of this specification for... View More

scope:

1.1 This specification covers the evaluation of specific performance characteristics of importance in woven and knitted kitchen towel, dishcloth, crash towel, huck towel, washcloth, hand towel, bath towel, and bath sheet products for use in institutional and household environments.

1.2 This specification may be used by mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier to establish purchasing specification requirements.

1.3 The requirements in Tables 1 and 2 apply to the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent.

1.4 This specification is not applicable for coated and laminated products, nonwoven products, or terry fabrics used for apparel.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

TABLE 1 Woven or Knitted Terry Fabric Specification Requirements

Terry Requirements
Kitchen
Towels
DishclothsBath, Hand, Washcloths,
Bath Sheets
Section
Breaking Strength (CRE)7.1
Length178 N (40 lbf) min220 N (50 lbf) min 178 N (40 lbf) min
Width133 N (30 lbf) min178 N (40 lbf) min 133 N (30 lbf) min
Bursting Strength (knits only)
Diaphragm222 N (50 lbf) min222 N (50 lbf) min 222 N (50 lbf) min7.1.3
Dimensional Change:7.1.4
Length10 % max10 % max 10 % max
Width5 % max5 % max 4 % max
Skew5 % max5 % max 5 % max7.1.5
Colorfastness:

A

Laundering:7.1.6.1
Shade ChangeGrade 4

B min

Grade 4

B min

Grade 4

B min

StainingGrade 3

C min

Grade 3

C min

Grade 3

C min

Crocking:7.1.6.2
DryGrade 4

D min

Grade 4

D min

Grade 4

D min

WetGrade 3

D min

Grade 3

D min

Grade 3

D min

Light (20 AATCC AFU)Grade 4

B min

Grade 4

B min

Grade 4

B min

7.1.6.3
AbsorbencyPassPass Pass7.1.7
Laundered AppearanceAcceptableAcceptable Acceptable7.2.1

A Class for color change and color transfer is based on a numerical scale of 5 for negligible or no color change or color transfer to 1 for severe color change or color transfer. The numerical rating in Table 1 or higher is acceptable.

B AATCC Gray Scale for Color Change.

C AATCC Gray Scale for Staining.

D AATCC 9-Step Chromatic Transference Scale.

TABLE 2 Non Terry Fabric Requirements

DishclothsHuck & Crash Towels Section
Breaking Strength (CRE)7.1
Length220 N (50 lbf) min 178 N (40 lbf) min
Width178 N (40 lbf) min 133 N (30 lbf) min
Bursting Strength (knits only)
Diaphragm222 N (50 lbf) min 222 N (50 lbf) min7.1.3
Dimensional Change: 7.1.4
Length10 % max 10 % max
Width5 % max 5 % max
Skew5 % Acceptable 5 % Acceptable7.1.5
Colorfastness:

A

Laundering:7.1.6.1
Shade ChangeGrade 4

B min

Grade 4

B min

StainingGrade 3

C min

Grade 3

C min

Crocking:7.1.6.2
DryGrade 4

D min

Grade 4

D min

WetGrade 3

D min

Grade 3

D min

Light (20 AATCC FU)Step 4

B min

Step 4

B min

7.1.6.3
AbsorbencyPass Pass7.1.7
Laundered AppearanceAcceptable Acceptable7.2.1

A Class for color change and color transfer is based on a numerical scale of 5 for negligible or no color change or color transfer to 1 for severe color change or color transfer. The numerical rating in Table 1 or higher is acceptable.

B AATCC Gray Scale for Color Change.

C AATCC Gray Scale for Staining.

D AATCC 9-Step Chromatic Transference Scale.

Document History

January 15, 2019
Standard Performance Specification for Towel Products for Institutional and Household Use
5.1 Upon mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, woven or knitted products intended for this end use should meet all of the requirements listed in Table 1 of this specification for...
ASTM D5433-12
June 1, 2012
Standard Performance Specification for Towel Products for Institutional and Household Use
1.1 This specification covers the evaluation of specific performance characteristics of importance in woven and knitted kitchen towel, dishcloth, crash towel, huck towel, washcloth, hand towel, bath...
May 10, 2000
Standard Performance Specification for Towel Products for Institutional and Household Use (Withdrawn 2009)
1.1 This specification covers the evaluation of specific performance characteristics of importance in woven and knitted kitchen towel, dishcloth, crash towel, huck towel, washcloth, hand towel, bath...
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