ASTM International - ASTM F519-12
Standard Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments
|Publication Date:||1 June 2012|
|ICS Code (Metallic coatings):||25.220.40|
significance And Use:
Plating/coating Processes-This test method provides a means by which to detect possible hydrogen embrittlement of steel parts during manufacture by verifying strict controls during production... View More
Plating/coating Processes-This test method provides a means by which to detect possible hydrogen embrittlement of steel parts during manufacture by verifying strict controls during production operations such as surface preparation, pretreatments, and plating/coating. It is also intended to be used as a qualification test for new plating/coating processes and as a periodic inspection audit for the control of a plating/coating process.
Service Environment-This test method provides a means by which to detect possible hydrogen embrittlement of steel parts (plated/coated or bare) due to contact with chemicals during manufacturing, overhaul and service life. The details of testing in a service environment are found in Annex A5.View Less
1.1 This test method describes mechanical test methods and defines acceptance criteria for coating and plating processes that can cause hydrogen embrittlement in steels. Subsequent exposure to chemicals encountered in service environments, such as fluids, cleaning treatments or maintenance chemicals that come in contact with the plated/coated or bare surface of the steel, can also be evaluated.
1.2 This test method is not intended to measure the relative susceptibility of different steels. The relative susceptibility of different materials to hydrogen embrittlement may be determined in accordance with Test Method F1459 and Test Method F1624.
1.3 This test method specifies the use of air melted AISI E4340 steel per SAE AMS-S-5000 (formerly MIL-S-5000) heat treated to 260 - 280 ksi (pounds per square inch x 1000) as the baseline. This combination of alloy and heat treat level has been used for many years and a large database has been accumulated in the aerospace industry on its specific response to exposure to a wide variety of maintenance chemicals, or electroplated coatings, or both. Components with ultimate strengths higher than 260 - 280 ksi may not be represented by the baseline. In such cases, the cognizant engineering authority shall determine the need for manufacturing specimens from the specific material and heat treat condition of the component. Deviations from the baseline shall be reported as required by section 12.1.2. The sensitivity to hydrogen embrittlement shall be demonstrated for each lot of specimens as specified in section 9.5.
1.4 Test procedures and acceptance requirements are specified for seven specimens of different sizes, geometries, and loading configurations.
1.5 Pass/Fail Requirements-For plating/coating processes, specimens must meet or exceed 200 h using a sustained load test (SLT) at the levels shown in Table 3.
1.5.1 The loading conditions and pass/fail requirements for service environments are specified in Annex A5.
1.5.2 If approved by the cognizant engineering authority, a quantitative, accelerated (≤ 24 h) incremental step-load (ISL) test as defined in Annex A3 may be used as an alternative to SLT.
1.6 This test method is divided into two parts. The first part gives general information concerning requirements for hydrogen embrittlement testing. The second is composed of annexes that give specific requirements for the various loading and specimen configurations covered by this test method (see section 9.1 for a list of types) and the details for testing service environments.
1.7 The values stated in the foot-pound-second (fps) system in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
TABLE 1 Lot Acceptance Criteria for Notched Specimens
|1||Tensile Strength||4 each||Test Method E8. Tensile strength of each specimen must be within 10 ksi of the average.|
|5 %||51 to 53 HRC per Test Methods
|1||Dimensions||100 %||Meet tolerances of|
dimension verified with
projection at 50 to
100× or equivalent.
|1||Notched Fracture Strength (NFS)||10 ea||Test Methods
E8. NFS of each specimen
|1c|| Self-loading |
fixture, Fig. A2.7
|10 ea||Alternate: The number of|
turns of the loading
bolt, which is required
to produce fracture in
each specimen, must be
within 5 % of the
|10 ea||Alternate: The change in|
diameter at fracture
load for each specimen
must be within 0.008
inches of the average.
A If the hardness requirements of any of the sampled specimens are not satisfied, only those specimens of the lot that are individually inspected for conformance to these requirements shall be used for testing.
TABLE 2 Electroplating Bath Compositions and Operating Conditions for Sensitivity Test
|Item||Treatment A||Treatment B|
|Cadmium (as CdO)||2.9 to 5.5 oz/gal (22 to 41 g/L)||4.5 oz/gal (33.7 g/L)||same as Treatment A|
| Total Sodium cyanide|
|12.0 to 16.0 oz/gal (89.9 to 120 g/L)||14 oz/gal (104 g/L)||same as Treatment A|
|Ratio NaCN to CdO||2.8/1 to 6.0/1||3.0/1||same as Treatment A|
|pH||12.0 or greater||12.0||same as Treatment A|
|Temperature||70-90°F (21-32°C)||75°F (24°C)||same as Treatment A|
| Sodium hydroxide|
|1.0 to 3.2 oz/gal (7.5 to 24.0 g/L)||2.5 oz/gal (18.7 g/L)||same as Treatment A|
| Brightener such as|
|Manufacturer's suggested range||None|
|Electroplating current||10 A/ft
2 (108 A/m2)
2 (645 A/m 2)
|Electroplating time||30 minutes||6 minutes|
|Baking temperature||375 ± 25°F (190 ± 14°C)||same as Treatment A|
| Baking time: Type 1|
|Do Not Bake||23 h|
| Baking time: Type 2a|
|8 h||23 h|
|Yes||same as Treatment A|
A Addition of sodium hydroxide may not be required on solution makeup, since the addition of 1 oz/gal of cadmium oxide is equivalent to 0.6 oz/gal of free hydroxide.
B The sole source of manufacture of Colcad 100 known to the committee at this time is Columbia Chemical in Brunswick, Ohio, www.columbiachemical
C After baking, the specimens shall be dipped into any appropriate chromate conversion coating solution for minimum time that will produce an adherent and continuous coating as described in AMS-QQ-P-416 Type II.
TABLE 3 Pass/Fail Loading Requirements of Test Specimens
|Type 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e||75 % of the tensile or bend NFS (Table 1).|
|Type 2a||92 % of the Test Methods
E8, E4 ultimate strength, obtained by deflecting a 2.300-inch diameter O-Ring specimen with a 2.525-inch stressing bar.