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ASTM International - ASTM E351-13

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron—All Types

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 February 2013
Status: inactive
Page Count: 55
ICS Code (Chemical analysis of metals): 77.040.30
significance And Use:

4.1 These test methods for the chemical analysis of metals and alloys are primarily intended as referee methods to test such materials for compliance with compositional specifications,... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical compositions within the following limits:

Element Composition Range, %
 
Aluminum 0.003 to  0.50
Antimony 0.005 to  0.03
Arsenic 0.02  to  0.10
Bismuth 0.001 to  0.03
Boron 0.001 to  0.10
Cadmium 0.001 to 0.005
Carbon 1.25  to  4.50
Cerium 0.005 to  0.05
Chromium 0.01  to 30.00
Cobalt 0.01  to  4.50
Copper 0.03  to  7.50
Lead 0.001 to  0.15
Magnesium 0.002 to  0.10
Manganese 0.06  to  2.50
Molybdenum 0.01  to  5.00
Nickel 0.01  to 36.00
Phosphorus 0.01  to  0.90
Selenium 0.001 to  0.06
Silicon 0.10 to 6.0   
Sulfur 0.005 to  0.25
Tellurium 0.001 to  0.35
Tin 0.001 to  0.35
Titanium 0.001 to  0.20
Tungsten 0.001 to  0.20
Vanadium 0.005 to  0.50
Zinc 0.005 to  0.20

1.2 The test methods in this standard are contained in the sections indicated below:

  Sections
 
Carbon, Graphitic, by the Direct Combustion Infrared Absorption Method (1 % to 3 %) 108
Carbon, Total by the Combustion Gravimetric Method (1.25 % to 4.50 %)-

Discontinued

 97
Cerium and Lanthanum by the Direct Current Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry Method (Ce: 0.003 % to 0.5 %; La: 0.001 % to 0.30 %) 237
Chromium by the Atomic Absorption Method (0.006 % to 1.00 %) 208
Chromium by the Peroxydisulfate Oxidation-Titration Method (0.006 % to 1.00 %) 218
Chromium by the Peroxydisulfate-Oxidation Titrimetric Method (0.05 % to 30.0 %)-

Discontinued

Cobalt by the Ion-Exchange-Potentiometric Titration Method (2.0 % to 4.5 %)  53
Cobalt by the Nitroso-R-Salt Spectrophotometric Method (0.01 % to 4.50 %)  61
Copper by the Neocuproine Spectrophotometric Method (0.03 % to 7.5 %) 116
Copper by the Sulfide Precipitation-Electrodeposition Gravimetric Method (0.03 % to 7.5 %)  81
Lead by the Ion-Exchange-Atomic Absorption Method (0.001 % to 0.15 %) 126
Magnesium by the Atomic Absorption Method (0.002 % to 0.10 %)  71
Manganese by the Periodate Spectrophotometric Method (0.10 % to 2.00 %)   8
Manganese by the Peroxydisulfate-Arsenite Titrimetric Method (0.10 % to 3.5 %) 152
Molybdenum by the Ion Exchange-8-Hydroxyquinoline Gravimetric Method 257
Molybdenum by the Spectrophotometric Method (0.01 % to 1.5 %) 196
Nickel by the Dimethylglyoxime Gravimetric Method (0.1 % to 36.00 %) 168
Nickel by the Ion Exchange-Atomic Absorption Method (0.005 % to 1.00 %) 176
Phosphorus by the Alkalimetric Method (0.02 % to 0.90 %) 160
Phosphorus by the Molybdenum Blue Spectrophotometric Method (0.02 % to 0.90 %)  18
Silicon by the Gravimetric Method (0.1 % to 6.0 %)  46
Sulfur by the Gravimetric Method-

Discontinued

 30
Sulfur by the Combustion-Iodate Titration Method (0.005 % to 0.25 %)-

Discontinued

 37
Sulfur by the Chromatographic Gravimetric Method-

Discontinued

Tin by the Solvent Extraction-Atomic Absorption Method (0.002 % to 0.10 %)  186
Tin by the Sulfide-Iodometric Titration Method (0.01 % to 0.35 %)   89
Titanium, Total, by the Diantipyrylmethane Spectrophotometric Method (0.006 % to 0.35 %)  246
Vanadium by the Atomic Absorption Method (0.006 % to 0.15 %)  227

1.3 Procedures for the determination of carbon and sulfur not included in these test methods can be found in Test Methods E1019.

1.4 Some of the composition ranges given in 1.1 are too broad to be covered by a single method and therefore this standard contains multiple methods for some elements. The user must select the proper method by matching the information given in the Scope and Interference sections of each method with the composition of the alloy to be analyzed.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Section 6 and in special "Warning" paragraphs throughout these Methods.

Document History

July 1, 2018
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron—All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
ASTM E351-13
February 1, 2013
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron—All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
June 1, 2006
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron-All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
January 1, 2000
Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron--All Types
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of pig iron, gray cast iron (including alloy and austenitic), white cast iron, malleable cast iron, and ductile (nodular) iron having chemical...
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