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ASTM International - ASTM D4891-13

Standard Test Method for Heating Value of Gases in Natural Gas and Flare Gases Range by Stoichiometric Combustion

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 May 2013
Status: inactive
Page Count: 6
ICS Code (Natural gas): 75.060
ICS Code (Gaseous fuels): 75.160.30
significance And Use:

5.1 This test method provides an accurate and reliable procedure to measure the total heating value of a fuel gas, on a continuous basis, which is used for regulatory compliance, custody transfer,... View More

scope:

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the heating value of natural gases and similar gaseous mixtures within the range of composition shown in Table 1, and Table 2 that covers flare components but is not intended to limit the components to be measured in flare gases.

TABLE 1 Natural Gas Components and Range of Composition Covered

Compound Concentration Range, mole, %
Helium 0.01 to 5 
Nitrogen 0.01 to 20
Carbon dioxide 0.01 to 10
Methane 50 to 100 
Ethane 0.01 to 20
Propane 0.01 to 20

n-butane

0.01 to 10
isobutane 0.01 to 10

n-pentane

0.01 to 2 
Isopentane 0.01 to 2 
Hexanes and heavier 0.01 to 2 

TABLE 2 Natural Gas Components and Range of Composition CoveredA

Compound CAS Number
Volatile Analytes
Acetone 67-64-1
Acetonitrile 75-05-8
Acrolein 107-05-8
Acrylonitrile 107-13-1
Benzene 71-43-2 2
1,3-Butadiene 106-99-0
Carbon disulfide 75-15-0
Chlorobenzene 108-90-7
Cumene (isopropylbenzene) 98-82-8
1,2-Dibromoethane 106-93-4
Ethylbenzene 100-41-4 2,2,4
Hexane 110-54-3
Methanol 67-56-1
Methyl isobutyl ketone 108-10-1
Methyl t-butyl ether 1634-04-4
Methylene chloride 75-09-2
Nitrobenzene 98-95-3
Nitropropane 79-46-9
Pentane2 109-66-0
Styrene 100-42-5
Tetrachloroethene 127-18-4
Toluene 108-88-3
Trichloroethene 79-01-6
Trimethylpentane 2 540-84-1
Xylenes (mixed isomers) 1330-20-7
Trimethylpentane 2 540-84-1
Xylenes (mixed isomers) 1330-20-7
   
Semi-volatile Analytes
Acenaphthene 83-32-9
Acenaphthylene 208-96-8
Aniline 62-53-3
Anthracene 120-12-7
Benzidine1 92-87-5
Benz[a]anthracene 56-55-3
Benzo[b]fluoranthene 205-99-2
Benzo[k]fluoranthene 207-08-9
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene 191-24-2
Benzo[a]pyrene 50-32-8
Benzo[e]pyrene2 192-97-2
Biphenyl2, 92-52-4
Cresol (mixed isomers) 1319-77-3
Chrysene 218-01-9
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene 53-70-3
Dibenzofuran 132-64-9
Dibenzo(a,e)pyrene 192-65-4
3,3'- Dimethoxybenzidine 119-90-4
Dimethylaminobenzene 60-11-7
7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene 57-97-6
3,3'- Dimethylbenzidine 119-93-7
á,á- Dimethylphenethylamine 122-09-8
2,4-Dimethylphenol 105-67-9
Fluoranthene 206-44-0
Fluorene 86-73-7
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene 193-39-5
Isophorone 78-59-1
3-Methylcholanthrene 56-49-5
2-Methylnaphthalene 91-57-6
Naphthalene 91-20-3
Perylene2 198-55-0
Phenanthrene 85-01-8
Phenol 108-95-2
1,4-Phenylenediamine 106-50-3
Pyrene 129-00-0
o-Toluidine 95-53-4
   
Aldehydes
Methanol 67-56-1
Formaldehyde 50-00-0
Acetaldehyde 75-07-0
Propanal 123-38-6
   
C1 to C5 Hydrocarbons
Description Compound CAS Number
C1 Alkanes Methane 74-82-8
C2 Alkanes Ethane 74-84-0
C3 Alkanes Propane 74-98-6
C4 Alkanes n-Butane 106-97-8
Isobutane 75-28-5
C5 Alkanes n-Pentane 109-66-0
2-Methylbutane 78-78-4
Cyclopentane 287-92-3
C2 Olefins Ethylene 74-85-1
C2 Alkanes Acetylene 74-86-2
C3 Olefins Propylene 115-07-1
C4 Olefins 1-Butene 106-98-9
  2-Butene 107-01-7
  Isobutene 115-11-7
C5 Olefins 1-Pentene 109-67-1
  Cis-2-pentene 627-20-3
  Trans-2-pentene 646-04-8
  2-Methyl-1-butene 563-46-2
  3-Methyl-1-butene 563-45-1
  2-Methyl-2-butene 513-35-9
  Cylcopentene 142-29-0
C3 Alkadienes Propadiene 463-49-0
C4 Alkadienes 1,2-Butadiene 590-19-2
  1,3-Butadiene 106-99-0
C5 Alkadienes 1,2-Pentadiene 591-95-7
  1-cis-3-Pentadiene 1574-41-0
  1-trans-3- Pentadiene 2004-70-8
  1,4-Pentadiene 591-93-5
  2,3-Pentadiene 591-96-8
  3-Methyl-1,2- butadiene 598-25-4
  2-Methyl-1,3- butadiene 78-79-5
  Cyclopentadiene 542-92-7
Heating Value Range
Unit Lower Upper
Btu/ft

3

83 2350

A Flare Gas Heating Value range defined in Table 2 is derived from the Evaluation of the Efficiency of Industrial Flares: Flare Head Design and Gas Composition EPA-600 /2-85-106 September 1985 Table 1-1. Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses EPA ICR Number 2411.01; NSPS and NESHAP for Petroleum Refineries Sector Residual Risk and Technology; OMB Number 2060-0657.

1.2 This standard involves combustible gases. It is not the purpose of this standard to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with their use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Document History

September 1, 2018
Standard Test Method for Heating Value of Gases in Natural Gas and Flare Gases Range by Stoichiometric Combustion
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the heating value of natural gases and similar gaseous mixtures within the range of composition shown in Table 1, and Table 2 that covers flare...
ASTM D4891-13
May 1, 2013
Standard Test Method for Heating Value of Gases in Natural Gas and Flare Gases Range by Stoichiometric Combustion
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the heating value of natural gases and similar gaseous mixtures within the range of composition shown in Table 1, and Table 2 that covers flare...
June 1, 2006
Standard Test Method for Heating Value of Gases in Natural Gas Range by Stoichiometric Combustion
This test method provides an accurate and reliable procedure to measure the total heating value of a fuel gas, on a continuous basis, which is used for regulatory compliance, custody transfer, and...
January 1, 2001
Standard Test Method for Heating Value of Gases in Natural Gas Range by Stoichiometric Combustion
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the heating value of natural gases and similar gaseous mixtures within the range of composition shown in Table 1. 1.2 This standard involves...
January 1, 2001
Standard Test Method for Heating Value of Gases in Natural Gas Range by Stoichiometric Combustion
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the heating value of natural gases and similar gaseous mixtures within the range of composition shown in Table 1. 1.2 This standard involves...
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