ASTM International - ASTM C660-81(2015)
Standard Practices for Production and Preparation of Gray Iron Castings for Porcelain Enameling
|Publication Date:||1 May 2015|
|ICS Code (Iron and steel castings):||77.140.80|
1.1 These practices are intended to indicate certain casting characteristics and pre-enameling practices which will facilitate finishing by the wet- or dry-process methods of porcelain enameling. All of the listed recommendations are based on experiences with gray iron casting and enameling.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
These practices are intended for production and preparation of gray iron castings for porcelain enamelling. Design of the casting should be such as to minimize variations in temperature during... View More
These practices are intended for production and preparation of gray iron castings for porcelain enamelling. Design of the casting should be such as to minimize variations in temperature during firing and cooling. The governing factors in pattern layout and shop control are elimination of discontinuities, chill, and inclusions at or near the surfaces to be coated. Visual inspection methods for enamelling surfaces should place emphasis on the detection and remedy of porosity, sand inclusions, and gas holes. Porosity consisting of essentially subsurface pinholes, shallow covered blows, body scars, or shrinkage near the surface may or may not be acceptable for correction, depending upon severity.View Less