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ASTM International - ASTM D923-15

Standard Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 October 2015
Status: active
Page Count: 14
ICS Code (Insulating oils): 29.040.10
significance And Use:

4.1 Accurate sampling, whether of the complete contents or only parts thereof, is extremely important from the standpoint of evaluating the quality of the liquid insulant sampled. Obviously,... View More

scope:

1.1 These practices cover sampling of new electrical insulating liquids including oils, askarels, silicones, synthetic liquids, and natural ester insulating liquids as well as those insulating liquids in service or subsequent to service in cables, transformers, circuit breakers, and other electrical apparatus. These practices apply to liquids having a viscosity of less than 6.476 × 10-4 m2/s (540 cSt) at 40°C (104°F).

1.2 Representative samples of electrical insulating liquids are taken for test specimens so that the quality pertinent to their use may be determined. The quality in different portions of a given container, or the average quality of the whole bulk may be ascertained if desired.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are regarded as the standard where applicable. Inch pound units are used where there is no SI equivalent.

1.4 These practices also include special techniques and devices for sampling for dissolved gases-in-oil (DGA) (D3612), water (D1533) and particles (D6786).

1.5 For ease of use, this document has been indexed as follows:

Section Title Section/Paragraph
   
Mandatory Conditions and General Information Section 5
Description of Sampling Devices and Containers Section 6, Annex A1, Appendix X2

Most Frequently Used Sampling Techniques for Electrical Apparatus

 
Collecting Samples from Electrical Equipment Using Bottles  and Cans Section 7, Appendix X1, Appendix X2
Collecting Samples from Electrical Equipment Using Glass  Syringes (DGA and Water Analysis) Section 8
Collecting Samples from Electrical Equipment Using  Stainless Steel Cylinders (DGA and Water Analysis) Section 9
   

Sampling of Cans, Drums, Tank Cars, Tank Trucks and  Small Electrical Equipment

 
Sampling Using the Dip-Type Device (drum thief) Section 10
Sampling Using the Pressure-Type Device Section 11, Annex A1.1
Sampling Using the Tank Car-Type Device Section 12, Annex A1.2

Sampling Cable Feeders

 
 Mandatory Conditions Section 13
 General Considerations Section 14
 Sampling Using the Manifold-Type Device Section 15, Annex A1.3

Cleaning, Preparation, Storage, and Handling of Sampling  Containers

Section 16
Storage, Packaging and Shipping of Samples Section 17
Cleaning and Storage of Sampling Devices Section 18
Sample Information Section 19
   
Mandatory Information-Construction of Sampling Devices Annex A1
Determination of Electrical Apparatus Temperature Appendix X1
Sample Container Types Appendix X2

1.6 Handle askarels containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) according to federal and local regulations existing for that country. For example, the federal regulations concerning PCBs in the United States can be found in 40 CFR Part 761.

1.7 Properly contain, package and dispose of any liquid or material resulting from the use of these practices in a manner that is in accordance with local and state regulations specific to the country in which the samples are taken.

1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in 1.6, 1.7, Section 5, 10.1, 13.2, 15.2.3, Section 16, and 18.2. These practices involve close contact with the electrical insulating liquids being sampled as well as liquids and other materials used to clean the sampling tools and devices. When required, or as a matter of diligence to personal safety, use personal protective equipment (PPE).

Document History

ASTM D923-15
October 1, 2015
Standard Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
1.1 These practices cover sampling of new electrical insulating liquids including oils, askarels, silicones, synthetic liquids, and natural ester insulating liquids as well as those insulating...
July 15, 2007
Standard Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
1.1 These practices cover sampling of new electrical insulating liquids including oils, askarels, silicones, synthetic liquids, and natural ester insulating liquids as well as those insulating...
October 10, 1997
Standard Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids (Withdrawn 2006)
1.1 These practices cover sampling of new electrical insulating liquids including oils, askarels, silicones, and synthetic liquids as well as such liquids in service or subsequent to service in...
January 1, 1989
Standard Methods of Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 1986
Standard Methods of Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
A description is not available for this item.
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