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ASTM International - ASTM C697-16

Standard Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Powders and Pellets

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 June 2016
Status: active
Page Count: 25
ICS Code (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology): 27.120.30
significance And Use:

4.1 Plutonium dioxide is used in mixtures with uranium dioxide as a nuclear-reactor fuel. In order to be suitable for this purpose, the material must meet certain criteria for plutonium content,... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium dioxide powders and pellets to determine compliance with specifications.

1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order:

  Sections
Plutonium Sample Handling   8 to 10
Plutonium by Controlled-Potential Coulometry 2
Plutonium by Ceric Sulfate Titration 3
Plutonium by Amperometric Titration with Iron(II) 2
Plutonium by Diode Array Spectrophotometry 3
Nitrogen by Distillation Spectrophotometry Using Nessler
 Reagent
 11 to 18
Carbon (Total) by Direct Combustion-Thermal Conductivity  19 to 29
Total Chlorine and Fluorine by Pyrohydrolysis  30 to 37
Sulfur by Distillation Spectrophotometry  38 to 46
Plutonium Isotopic Analysis by Mass Spectrometry 4
Rare Earth Elements by Spectroscopy  47 to 54
Trace Elements by Carrier-Distillation Spectroscopy  55 to 62
(Alternative: Impurities by ICP-AES or ICP-MS)  
Impurity Elements by Spark-Source Mass Spectrography 63 to 69
Moisture by the Coulometric Electrolytic Moisture Analyzer 70 to 77
Total Gas in Reactor-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Pellets 5
Plutonium-238 Isotopic Abundance by Alpha Spectrometry 3
Americium-241 in Plutonium by Gamma-Ray Spectrometry 2
Rare Earths By Copper Spark-Spectroscopy 78 to 87
Plutonium Isotopic Analysis by Mass Spectrometry 88 to 96
Oxygen-To-Metal Atom Ratio by Gravimetry 97 to 104

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Sections 6, 16.2.5, 44.7, 51.9 and 92.5.1.

Document History

ASTM C697-16
June 1, 2016
Standard Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Powders and Pellets
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium dioxide powders and pellets to determine compliance with...
June 1, 2010
Standard Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Powders and Pellets
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium dioxide powders and pellets to determine compliance with...
January 1, 2004
Standard Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Powders and Pellets
Plutonium dioxide is used in mixtures with uranium dioxide as a nuclear-reactor fuel. In order to be suitable for this purpose, the material must meet certain criteria for plutonium content, isotopic...
February 10, 1998
Standard Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Powders and Pellets
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium dioxide powders and pellets to determine compliance with...
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