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ASTM International - ASTM D501-03(2016)

Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkaline Detergents

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 July 2016
Status: active
Page Count: 27
ICS Code (Surface active agents): 71.100.40
scope:

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the sampling and chemical analysis of inorganic alkaline detergents.

1.2 The procedures appear in the following order:

  Sections
Caustic Soda:  
 Sampling 5
 Total Alkalinity as Sodium Oxide (Na

2O)

6 - 8
 Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)  9 - 11
 Carbonate as Sodium Carbonate (Na

2CO3)

12
 Carbon Dioxide (CO

2) by the Evolution Method

13 - 16
Soda Ash:  
 Sampling 17
 Matter Volatile at 150 to 155°C 18 and 19
 Total Alkalinity as Sodium Carbonate (Na

2CO3 )

20 - 22
 Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO

3)

23 - 25
 Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO

3) by Potentiometric Titration

26 - 28
 Matter Insoluble in Water 29 and 30
 Apparent Density 31 and 32
Modified Soda (Sequicarbonate Type):  
 Sampling 33
 Total Alkalinity as Sodium Oxide (Na

2O)

34 - 36
 Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO

3) and Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3)

37 - 39
 Matter Insoluble in Water 40
Sodium Bicarbonate:  
 Sampling 41
 Sodium Bicarbonate, Sodium Carbonate, and Free Moisture 42 - 45
 Matter Insoluble in Water 46
Sodium Metasilicate, Sodium Sesquisilicate and Sodium Orthosil-   icate:  
 Sampling 47
 Total Alkalinity as Sodium Oxide (Na

2O)

48 - 50
 Total Silica as SiO

2

51 - 53
 Sodium Metasilicate (Na

2SiO3·5H2O)

54
 Sodium Sesquisilicate (3Na

2O·2SiO2·11H2O)

55
 Matter Insoluble in Water 56 and 57
 Loss on Ignition of Sodium Sesquisilicate (3Na

2O·2SiO2 ·11H2O)

58 and 59
 Sodium Orthosilicate (Na

4SiO4)

60
Trisodium Phosphate:  
 Sampling 61
 Trisodium Phosphate (Na

3PO4) Content and Phosphorus   Pentoxide (P2O5)

 
62 - 64
 Trisodium Phosphate Calculated as Na

3PO4·12H2O, Na3PO4·   H2O, Na3PO4, and as P2O5

 
65 - 68
 Total Alkalinity as Sodium Oxide (Na

2O)

69 - 71
 Matter Insoluble in Water 72 and 73
Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate:  
 Sampling 74
 Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate
  (Na

4P2O7)

 
75 - 79
 Matter Insoluble in Water 80 and 81
 Loss on Ignition 82 and 83
Borax:  
 Sampling 84
 Total Borate and Excess Alkalinity or Acidity 85 - 87
 Matter Insoluble in Water 88 and 89
Sodium Triphosphate:  
 Sampling 90
 Tritratable Na

2O

91 - 94
 Total P

2O5:

 
  Preferred Method 95 - 97
  Alternative Method  98 - 101
  pH Titration 102 - 107
 Quantitative Separation and Measurement of Various Phosphates:  
  Reverse-Flow Ion-Exchange Chromatography (Preferred    Method)  
108 - 119
  Paper Chromatographic Method 120 - 127
 pH of 1 percent Solution 128
 Turbidity 129
 Temperature Rise 130 - 134
 Sulfate 135 - 137
 Ignition Loss 140 and 141
 Matter Insoluble in Water 142 - 144
 Particle Size 145
 Orthophosphate 146 - 151

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage.

abstract:

These test methods cover procedures for the sampling and chemical analysis of inorganic alkaline detergents. These detergents include caustic soda, soda ash, modified soda (sequicarbonate type),... View More

Document History

ASTM D501-03(2016)
July 1, 2016
Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkaline Detergents
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the sampling and chemical analysis of inorganic alkaline detergents. 1.2 The procedures appear in the following order:   Sections Caustic Soda:  ...
October 1, 2009
Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkaline Detergents
These test methods cover procedures for the sampling and chemical analysis of inorganic alkaline detergents. These detergents include caustic soda, soda ash, modified soda (sequicarbonate type),...
October 1, 2003
Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkaline Detergents
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the sampling and chemical analysis of inorganic alkaline detergents. 1.2 The procedures appear in the following order: Sections Caustic Soda: Sampling...
January 10, 1998
Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkaline Detergents (Withdrawn 2001)
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the sampling and chemical analysis of inorganic alkaline detergents. 1.2 The procedures appear in the following order: Sections Caustic Soda: Sampling 5...
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