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ASTM International - ASTM D1140-17

Standard Test Methods for Determining the Amount of Material Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Soils by Washing

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 February 2017
Status: active
Page Count: 6
ICS Code (Particle size analysis. Sieving): 19.120
significance And Use:

5.1 Material finer than the 75-μm (No. 200) sieve can be separated from larger particles or soil aggregations can be broken down much more efficiently and completely by wet sieving than with... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the amount of material finer than a 75-μm (No. 200) sieve by washing of material with a maximum particle size of 75 mm (3 in.).

1.2 The methods used in this standard rely on the use of water or a dispersant to separate and remove materials finer than a 75-μm (No. 200) sieve. During these processes soluble substances, such as salts and other minerals, may also be removed. It is not within the scope of this standard to differentiate between the removal of fine particles and soluble substances. It is recommended that materials containing significant amounts of soluble substances be tested using other methods of separation.

1.3 Two methods for determining the amount of material finer than the 75-μm (No. 200) sieve are provided. The method to be used shall be specified by the requesting authority. If no method is specified, the choice should be based upon the guidance given in 5.2, 5.3, and 5.4.

1.3.1 Method A-Test specimen is dispersed by soaking in water prior to wash sieving.

1.3.2 Method B-Test specimen is dispersed by soaking in a dispersing solution prior to wash sieving.

1.4 Units-The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Except the sieve designations are typically identified using the "alternative" system in accordance with Specification E11, such as 3 inch and No. 200, instead of the "standard" of 75-mm and 75-μm, respectively. Reporting of test results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this test method. The use of balances or scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard.

1.5 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026, unless superseded by this test method.

1.5.1 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user's objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of these test methods to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Document History

ASTM D1140-17
February 1, 2017
Standard Test Methods for Determining the Amount of Material Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Soils by Washing
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the amount of material finer than a 75-μm (No. 200) sieve by washing of material with a maximum particle size of 75 mm (3 in.). 1.2 The methods used...
November 1, 2014
Standard Test Methods for Determining the Amount of Material Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Soils by Washing
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the amount of material finer than a 75-μm (No. 200) sieve by washing of material with a maximum particle size of 75 mm (3 in.). 1.2 The methods used...
November 15, 2006
Standard Test Methods for Amount of Material in Soils Finer than No. 200 (75-μm) Sieve
Material finer than the 75-μm (No. 200) sieve can be separated from larger particles much more efficiently and completely by wet sieving than with dry sieving. Therefore, when accurate determinations...
June 10, 2000
Standard Test Methods for Amount of Material in Soils Finer Than the No. 200 (75-um) Sieve
1.1 These test methods cover determination of the amount of material finer than a 75-um (No. 200) sieve by washing. 1.2 Two methods for determining the amount of material finer than the No. 200 sieve...
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