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ASTM International - ASTM D7474-17

Standard Practice for Determining Residual Stresses in Extruded or Molded Sulfone Plastic (SP) Parts by Immersion in Various Chemical Reagents

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 15 August 2017
Status: active
Page Count: 4
ICS Code (Plastics in general): 83.080.01
significance And Use:

5.1 Thermoplastic moldings contain residual stresses due to differential cooling rates through the thickness of the molding. Changes in residual stress have been found to occur with time after... View More

scope:

1.1 This practice covers the evaluation of residual stresses in extruded profile or molded SP parts. The presence and relative magnitude of residual stresses are indicated by the crazing of the specimen part upon immersion in one or more of a series of chemical reagents. The specified chemical reagents were previously calibrated by use of Environmental Stress Cracking (ESC) techniques to cause crazing in sulfone plastics (SP) at specified stress levels.

1.2 This practice applies only to unfilled injection molding and extrusion grade materials of high molecular weight as indicated by the following melt flow rates: PSU 9 g/10 min, max., PESU 30 g/10 m, max, and PPSU 25 g/10 min, max. Lower molecular weight (higher melt flow) materials will craze at lower stress levels than indicated in Tables 1-3. (See Specification D6394 for melt flow rate conditions.)

TABLE 1 Liquid Reagents for Residual Stress Test for PSU

Mixture Mixture Composition Critical Stress, MPa (psi)
% by volume Ethanol % by volume Ethyl Acetate
1 50 50 15.2 (2200)
2 43 57 12.1 (1750)
3 37 63 9.0 (1300)
4 25 75 5.5 (800)

TABLE 2 Liquid Reagents for Residual Stress Test for PESU

Mixture Mixture Composition Critical Stress, MPa (psi)
% by volume Ethanol % by volume MEK
1 50 50 17.9 (2600)
2 40 60 10.3 (1500)
3 20 80 6.9 (1000)
4 0 100 5.9 (850)

TABLE 3 Liquid Reagents for Residual Stress Test for PPSU

Mixture Mixture Composition Critical Stress, MPa (psi)
% by volume Ethanol % by volume MEK
1 50 50 22.8 (3300)
2 25 75 13.8 (2000)
3 10 90 9.0 (1300)
4 0 100 8.0 (1150)

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent for this standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM D7474-17
August 15, 2017
Standard Practice for Determining Residual Stresses in Extruded or Molded Sulfone Plastic (SP) Parts by Immersion in Various Chemical Reagents
1.1 This practice covers the evaluation of residual stresses in extruded profile or molded SP parts. The presence and relative magnitude of residual stresses are indicated by the crazing of the...
April 1, 2012
Standard Practice for Determining Residual Stresses in Extruded or Molded Sulfone Plastic (SP) Parts by Immersion in Various Chemical Reagents
1.1 This practice covers the evaluation of residual stresses in extruded profile or molded SP parts. The presence and relative magnitude of residual stresses are indicated by the crazing of the...
August 1, 2008
Standard Practice for Determining Residual Stresses in Extruded or Molded Sulfone Plastic (SP) Parts by Immersion in Various Chemical Reagents
Thermoplastic moldings contain residual stresses due to differential cooling rates through the thickness of the molding. Changes in residual stress have been found to occur with time after molding...
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