BSI - BS EN 71-3
Safety of Toys - Part 3: Migration of Certain Elements
|Publication Date:||15 June 1995|
|ICS Code (Toys):||97.200.50|
This part of this European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the migration of the elements antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium from toy materials and from parts of toys except materials not accessible (see part 1 of this standard).
Packaging materials are not included unless they are part of the toy or have intended play value. (See Annex D.)
When appropriate, the toy is subjected to relevant tests, specified in part 1 of this standard, before the accessiblity is considered.
Requirements are included for the migration from the following toy materials:
- coatings of paints, varnishes, lacquers, printing inks, polymers and similar coatings (see 8.1);
- polymeric and similar materials, including laminates, whether textile reinforced or not, but excluding other textiles (see 8.2);
- paper and paper board (see 8.3);
- textiles, whether natural or synthetic (see 8.4);
- other materials whether mass coloured or not (e.g. wood, fibre board, hard board, bone and leather) (see 8.6);
- materials intended to leave a trace (e.g. the graphite materials in pencils and liquid ink in pens) (see 8.7);
- pliable modelling materials, including modelling clays, and gels (see 8.8);
- paints, including finger paints, varnishes, lacquers, glazing powders and similar materials in solid or in liquid form appearing as such in the toy (see 8.9).
Toys and parts of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, mass, size or other characteristics, obviously exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking or swallowing, bearing in mind the normal and forseeable behaviour of children, are not covered by this part of EN 71.
NOTE For the purposes of this standard, the following criteria are considered appropriate in the categorization of sucking, licking or swallowing:
- all intended food/oral contact toys, cosmetic toys and writing instruments categorized as toys;
- toys intended for children up to 6 years of age, i.e. all accessible parts and components where there is a probability that those parts or components may come into contact with the mouth. (See Annex D.)