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ASTM International - ASTM D8171-18

Standard Test Methods for Density Determination of Flax Fiber

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 January 2018
Status: active
Page Count: 8
ICS Code (Natural fibres): 59.060.10
significance And Use:

5.1 Fiber density is useful in the evaluation of new materials at the research and development level and is one of the material properties normally given in fiber specifications.

5.2 Fiber... View More

scope:

1.1 These test methods cover two procedures for determination of the density of flax fiber and are applicable to fibers of any length.

1.1.1 Test Method A-Gas Pycnometry-This is the more accurate method of density measurement and is preferred in cases in which specimen conditioning (oven drying) can be applied or outgassing effects can be mitigated by purge settings. The level of accuracy for the test methods can be assessed from the precision and bias tables. Outgassing effects can be assessed by performing a purge cycle, pressurization, and pressure stability check on the sample. If the pressure increases in an isolated sample chamber, outgassing may affect the accuracy of results. Oven dry specimens below 55 ºC to equilibrium with a 0 % relative humidity (RH) environment or use longer purge methods, or both, to eliminate outgassing effects.

1.1.2 Test Method B-Buoyancy (Archimedes) Method-This is acceptable as an alternative to Test Method A in applications in which less accurate results are sufficient, as represented in the precision and bias tables. Test Method B is preferred in cases in which outgassing effects in Test Method A cannot be addressed by oven drying or purge settings and prevent Test Method A from producing valid results.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Sections 9 and 17.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM D8171-18
January 1, 2018
Standard Test Methods for Density Determination of Flax Fiber
1.1 These test methods cover two procedures for determination of the density of flax fiber and are applicable to fibers of any length. 1.1.1 Test Method A—Gas Pycnometry—This is the more accurate...
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