API SECURITY GUIDELINES
Security Guidelines for the Petroleum Industry
|Publication Date:||1 April 2005|
Scope and Objective
The objective of this document is to provide general guidance to owners and operators of U.S. domestic petroleum assets for effectively managing security risks and provide a reference of certain applicable Federal security laws and regulations that may impact petroleum operations.
Domestic petroleum assets are widely distributed, consisting of over 300,000 producing sites, 4,000 offshore platforms, 600 natural gas processing plants, 160,000 miles of liquid pipelines, numerous crude oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG) offloading ports and terminals, 144 refineries, 1,400 finished product terminals, 7,500 bulk stations and 170,000 gasoline retail stations. The vast majority of these assets are small and geographically remote and do not present a significant security risk to the national economy, national security or public safety. However, the petroleum industry supports taking prudent measures to effectively minimize security risks posed by acts of terrorism where warranted.
Certain petroleum facilities are covered by the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002 (MTSA), which was signed into law on November 25, 2002. In compliance with MTSA, the U.S. Coast Guard has promulgated federal rules under 33 CFR Subchapter H, Parts 101 - 106 that cover port, OCS and vessel security. These regulations require certain vessels and port facilities that could be involved in a transportation security incident prepare a vessel or facility security plan and submit it to the USCG. See Appendix A for a reference table of Federal security regulations that affect the U.S.