Standard Specification for Low-Level Protocol to Transfer Messages between Clinical Laboratory Instruments and Computer Systems
|Publication Date:||10 October 1995|
|ICS Code (IT applications in health care technology):||35.240.80|
1.1 This specification describes the electronic transmission of digital information between clinical laboratory instruments and computer systems. The clinical laboratory instruments under consideration are those that measure one or more parameters from one or more patient samples. Often they will be automated instruments that measure many parameters from many patient samples. The computer systems considered here are those that are configured to accept instrument results for further processing, storage, reporting, or manipulation. This instrument output may include patient results, quality control results, and other related information. Typically, the computer system will be a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS).
1.2 The terminology of the Organization for International Standards (ISO) Reference Model for Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) is generally followed in describing the communications protocol and services. The electrical and mechanical connection between instrument and computer is described in the Physical Layer section. The methods for establishing communication, error detection, error recovery, and sending and receiving of messages are described in the Data Link Layer section. The data link layer interacts with higher layers in terms of sends and receives "messages," handles data link connection and release requests, and reports the data link status.
1.3 Specification E 1394 is concerned with message content in the interface between clinical instruments and computer systems. The major topics are found in the following sections: