Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings
|Publication Date:||10 January 2001|
|ICS Code (Paints and varnishes):||87.040|
1.1 This test method describes a procedure for the determination of the weight percent volatile content of solventborne and waterborne coatings. Test specimens are heated at 110 ± 5°C for 60 min.
NOTE 1--The coatings used in these round-robin studies represented air-dried, air-dried oxidizing, heat-cured baking systems, and also included multicomponent paint systems.
1.2 Sixty minutes at 110 ± 5°C is a general purpose test method based on the precision obtained with both solventborne and waterborne coatings (see Section 9). These coatings (single package, heat cured) are commonly applied in factories to automobiles, metal containers, flat (coil) metal and large appliances, and many other metal parts.
1.3 This test method is viable for coatings wherein one or more parts may, at ambient conditions, contain liquid coreactants that are volatile until a chemical reaction has occurred with another component of the multi-package system.
NOTE 2--Committee D-1 has run round-robin studies on volatiles of multicomponent paint systems. The only change in procedure is to premix the weighed components in the correct proportions and allow the specimens to stand at room temperature for 1 h prior to placing them into the oven.
1.4 This test method may not be applicable to all types of coatings. Other procedures may be substituted with mutual agreement between the producer and the user.
NOTE 3--If unusual decomposition or degradation of the specimen occurs during heating, the actual time and temperature used to cure the coating in practice may be substituted for the time and temperature specified in this test method, subject to mutual agreement between the producer and the user. The U.S. EPA Reference Method 24 specifies 110 ± 5°C for 1 h for coatings.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement see 7.4.1.