Petroleum and natural gas industries - Materials for use in H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production - Part 1: General principles for selection of cracking-resistant materials
|Publication Date:||1 September 2005|
|ICS Code (Equipment for petroleum and natural gas industries in general):||75.180.01|
This part of ISO 15156 describes general principles and gives requirements and recommendations for the selection and qualification of metallic materials for service in equipment used in oil and gas production and in natural gas sweetening plants in H2S-containing environments, where the failure of such equipment could pose a risk to the health and safety of the public and personnel or to the environment. It can be applied to help to avoid costly corrosion damage to the equipment itself. It supplements, but does not replace, the material requirements given in the appropriate design codes, standards or regulations.
This part of ISO 15156 addresses all mechanisms of cracking that can be caused by H2S, including sulfide stress cracking, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen-induced cracking and stepwise cracking, stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking, soft zone cracking and galvanically induced hydrogen stress cracking.
Table 1 provides a non-exhaustive list of equipment to which this part of ISO 15156 is applicable, including permitted exclusions.
This part of ISO 15156 applies to the qualification and selection of materials for equipment designed and constructed using conventional elastic design criteria.
This part of ISO 15156 is not necessarily applicable to equipment used in refining or downstream processes and equipment.
CAUTION - Metallic materials selected or qualified using ISO 15156 are resistant to cracking in defined H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production, but are not necessarily immune under all service conditions.