ETSI - TS 101 441
Digital Cellular Telecommunications System (Phase 2+); Customised Applications for Mobile Network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) Phase 2; Stage 2
|Publication Date:||1 November 1998|
This Technical Specification (TS) specifies the stage 2 description for the second phase (see GSM 02.78 ) of the Customized Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) feature which provides the mechanisms to support services of operators which are not covered by standardized GSM services even when roaming outside the HPLMN.
The CAMEL feature is a network feature and not a supplementary service. It is a tool to help the network operator to provide the subscribers with the operator specific services even when roaming outside the HPLMN.
In this specification, the GSM Service Control Function (gsmSCF) is treated as being part of the HPLMN.The regulatory environment in some countries may require the possibility that the gsmSCF and the HPLMN are controlled by different operators, and the gsmSCF and the HPLMN are therefore distinct entities.
In the second phase the CAMEL feature supports:
- mobile originated and forwarded calls;
- mobile terminating calls;
- any time interrogation;
- suppression of announcements;
- announcements, in band user interaction;
- charging features;
- supplementary service invocation notifications;
- USSD interaction with the gsmSCF.
Note that CAMEL is not applicable to Emergency Setup (TS 12), i.e., in case an Emergency call has been requested the gsmSSF shall not be invoked.
The mechanism described in this standard addresses especially the need for information exchange between the VPLMN or IPLMN and the HPLMN for support of operator specific services. Any user procedures for the control of operator specific services are outside the scope of this standard. Subscribers who have subscribed to operator specific services and therefore need the functional support of the CAMEL feature shall be marked in the HPLMN and VPLMN. In case a subscriber is marked to need CAMEL support, the appropriate procedures which provide the necessary information to the VPLMN or the HPLMN are invoked. It is possible for the HPLMN to instruct the VPLMN or IPLMN to interact with a gsmSCF which is controlled by the HPLMN.
The specification of operator specific services is outside the scope of this standard.